Talk by Herbert de Gruchy, Customs Officer at the St Helier Harbour during the occupation, to the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Subjects mentioned include his experiences in the royal navy before the war, moving back to Jersey and becoming a customs officer, being on duty the night before and the day of the evacuations, seeing the air raid on St Helier, the dropping of leaflets and white flags to be hung for the Germans, the arrival of the Germans, being sent to the Agricultural Department because of the lack of ships landing and his duties there, being called back to the Harbour to take up his post once again, defence around St Helier Harbour, experiences had with the germans whilst loading, unloading and transporting goods, his relationship with German soldiers, a storm and its effects at his home at 18, Coastlands, Greve d'Azette, the arrival of Organisation Todt workers, the attempts by the germans at stealing food, german warship coming in after being attacked and bodies being loaded off, unloading of live cattles and being arrested, taken to the Pomme d'Or and interrogated about stealing a cow, arrest of other workers on the Harbour, infestation of rats, his second arrest for stealing when he was found innocent once again, the assistance he was given to stop stealing, the railway in front of the Harbour Office, improvisation in making sugar beat into syrup, the deportations, anonymous informing letters in the Post Office, after the coming of D-Day there were no more ships and so was sent to check tobacco growing, arrival of the SS Vega, the boats to liberate the island and the first mailboat. Questions about the Russians POW, horses used for transportation, importation of French cattle, boats going to St Malo to help in the evacuation, railways and people that Mr de Gruchy knew. Announcements for the Channel Islands Occupation Society.

Reference: L/D/25/L/22

Talk by Willi Hagedorn, german naval signals officer, on the German raid of Granville to the Channel Islands Occupation Society [Guernsey]. Talk includes reference to the situation on the French coast in 1944 and the defences used by St Malo and the island of Cezembre, the surrender of St Malo but the maintenance of the post at Cezembre, the weapons on Cezembre, a mission to Cezembre to re-establish contact and givem them new supplies, the permission of Huffmeier to surrender Cezembre, the use of a different island as an observation post, the escape of 5 German POWS to this island and then to Jersey and Guernsey, Huffmeier asking the German soldiers if a raid on Granville would be possible, idea passed to Graf von Schmettow, the plan in full-the objective to take a coal ship and tow it back to the Channel Islands and to take American officers captive, the cancellation of the first raid in February 1945, second raid on Granville planned for the follwing month, the result of the raid-55 german prisoners rescued and a dozen American officers captured, cranes destroyed and a coal ship captured, Hagedorn's opinion why the operation was successful. Questions asked by the audience concerning whether an American ship was sunk, the American officers taken prisoner, street fighting in Granville, resistance, how the first went undetected, lack of reaction, a third raid that was planned, how many men got ashore, who was manning the lighthouse, where Hagedorn was during the two raids, where the ships left from, the amount of ships involved, whether anyone knew the proximity of the SHAEF Headquarters, the availability of aircraft for reconnaissance, how many radio stations there were in Guernsey, the different transmitters used by the german navy and army and equivalent stations in Jersey. Hagedorn continues to talk of a third raid carried out by the army on Cherbourg to blow up a railway bridge, leaving in April 1945, moving to Cherbourg to undertake the mission but failing to do so. Officer in command failed and so mission failed. Questions on how the troops were dressed, guns from Alderney firing on peninsula, vehicles guns were moved on, the location of a ship during the occupation and receiving messages from Berlin.

Reference: L/D/25/L/23

Talk by Willi Hagedorn, a german naval signals officer, concerning the island of Cezembre to the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Introduction by the President of the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Talk covers the defence situation on the coast of France, the value of Cezembre and the weapons held at Cezembre, the defence of St Malo, lack of radio communication with Cezembre and uncertainty at its position, boasts sent out from Channel Islands to check situation, lack of supplies, situation on Cezembre, mission to provide supplies, propaganda drops by the American air force, the cyphering of messages, a doctor going to Cezembre, the shooting of a destroyer from Cezembre and the subsequent continuous shelling of the island, nothing left to defend-call for permission to surrender, attempt to evacuate the island, permission granted to surrender the island by Admiral Huffmeier and the subsequent confirmation by Berlin and the last action. Questions asked concerning the number of boats lost in a storm, about the rescue ships, strength of the garrison at Cezembre, the island of Cezembre now, the size of Cezembre, escapes from St Malo, the value of the island, the day of surrender, the different proficiencies of the army and navy cypher and wireless operators, when he thought the German cause was lost, feeling on the island at D-Day, radio systems used, listening in on the British messages, the story of mistaking barrage balloons for an attack force and the weapons situation on Alderney. Closing of the meeting.

Reference: L/D/25/L/24

Date: April 8th 1987 - April 8th 1987

Talk by Dr Hill, a British prisoner of war during the second world war in Germany and a translator for the Nuremberg Trials, to the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Talks about his background in languages, his experience as a prisoner of war, being examined by the intelligence corps to see how good his languages were, being sent to the British War Crimes Executive in Paris, in Paris was promoted and charged with going around Germany looking for documents to indict war criminals, starting in Hamburg, sending reports on the documents that were found, being sent to Nuremberg for the trials, living with the Germans, being asked to set up a translating and interpreting department to liaise with all the delegations, preparing for the trials, security in the courthouse, description of his team and the jobs they had to undertake, the skill of translating, going to the court room and describing the lay out of the court along with the procedures and translation, the treatment of defendants, the importance and difficulty of interpreting, social life in Nuremberg, jobs he undertook and the understanding of Nazi jargon, different countries opinions on the trials, the difficulties of the trial and books written about the trials. Questions about the books he just mentioned, how long the trials lasted, the verdicts reached, contact with and impressions of the war criminals, instigators of the war trials, defense strategies, views on pre-war Germany, personal views on trials, the problems of translation, choosing of the defense counsel, Japanese war criminals, the Dutch system, the Russians reactions, length the prosecution went to charge people, treatment of prisoners by the Russians, treatment of prisoners of war, difficulty in not being bias in translation, availability of the trials in hard copy, mention of the Channel Islands in the trials, feelings today about Germans and Japanese, making of sound recordings, showings of film in trial and the showing of remorse and who made the final judgement, .

Reference: L/D/25/L/25

Date: December 4th 1978 - December 4th 1978

1) Interview with Frank Keiller on the radio programme 'Conversation Piece' which includes musical interlude. Discusses being a teenager during the occupation, what it feels like to celebrate 40 years of liberation, his background, his reputation as a tearaway, problems at the deportations in which he was involved in riots and was arrested and court martialled but escaped deportation because of his age, his plan to escape from the island, the subsequent failure and his arrest by the Germans, his interrogation in the prison at Gloucester Street, the conditions in prison and his attempt to escape, hiding from the Germans for the rest of the occupation with a new identity, before the escape attempt helping at the hospital under Arthur Halliwell, Ray Osmont and Dr Darling, qualifying as a doctor and surgeon after the war, joining the RAF, his subsequent career in different countries, the stress of surgery, leaving the Royal Air Force, making a new civilian life, moving to Victoria in Australia, retirement plans, hobbies, feelings towards the Germans now and feelings about the government of the States of Jersey during the occupation. 2) Weather and traffic report. Stolen items-police report. Magazine section-new book '120 Years'-History of Jersey Swimming Club-compiled by John Faige explained to Beth Lloyd why club was founded in 1865, about Havre des Pas Swimming Pool, Jersey residents in international swimming and diving competitions in the past and photographs. Paul Fox returning to the island after working on a project for 10 weeks in Southern Chile with Operation Rally to build a bridge. Report on the reoccupation of St Luke's vicarage by homeless families. Report on the hill climb at Bouley Bay. Channel Islands Occupation Society have found in the east of the island an entrance that appears to be the start of a tunnel leading towards France. Michael Ginns explains how it was found, reasons it would have been dug, question of how far it may go, where it leads to. Public Works interest in tunnel expressed by Deputy Don Filleul expressing excitement over the find, possibilities of our own channel tunnel, possible conduit for water and the investigation to continue with a report ready for April 1st next year (April Fool's joke)

Reference: L/D/25/L/30

Date: April 30th 1985 - April 30th 1985

Frank Keiller talking to Chris Stone on Radio Jersey about his experience during the occupation. Talks about the first trouble that he got in having tried to find some petrol for an escape attempt, punching a couple of german solders whilst the deportations were taking place and running away, being tracked down, arrested, interrogated and beaten over the incident and then being interrogated again at Silvertide, Havre des Pas and courtmartialled although only given probation on account of his age, helping beat of collaborator with Basil Le Brun but escaped being arrested, being warned that he was being watched, forming a group after D-Day aiming to help went the liberation took place, trying to take information on fortifications to the allies when escaping and the consequent failure of the attempt, taken to be interrogated and then to prison, how he felt at the time, resistance, conditions in prison, being court martialled and worrying about charges of espionage, describes escape from prison with friends, hiding out for the rest of the occupation with different residents, other escape plans, talks about acts of resistance and collaboration, feelings about time, his talk to the Channel Islands Occupation Society and the importance of personal stories during the occupation, his lowest point during the occupation, reasons for his resistance and how the occupation should be remembered.

Reference: L/D/25/L/31

Date: January 1st 1999 - January 1st 1999

Talk to the Channel Islands Occupation Society by Frank Keiller about collaboration and resistance during the occupation. Discusses the Island during the occupation in terms of a prison, deals with criticism of occupation especially with Madeleine Bunting's book, talks about his background, his experience at a conference that made him confront his experiences, the need to talk about it, the need to write about personal stories and not just 'bricks and mortar' of occupation, the lack of recognition for those who resisted, the false emphasis by the media on collaboration and the lack of acceptance that resistance did take place, his viewd on the States during the occupation, what constitutes resistance, the differences in Jersey that made fighting resistance impossible, other forms of resistance that took place, what constitutes collaboration and cooperation, illegitimate births, black marketering, profiteering by farmers only happened on a small scale, things being blown out of proportion, what constitutes working for the enemy, the evil of informing, intelligence gathering groups common in Jersey, spreading of news, escapes, the possibility of trials after the occupation to put the matter of collaboration to bed, talks his life during the war and how the island should be proud of how the majority behaved. Questions about records that were opened early which accentuate the negative side of the occupation, books about the occupation, trying to forget the occupation after it had finished, collaboration, people helping escapees and the comparison of prisoner of war camps with Jersey.

Reference: L/D/25/L/32

Date: January 21st 1999 - January 21st 1999

Talk by Dixie Landick at the Channel Islands Occupation Society Annual Dinner concerning entertainments during the occupation. President of the Channel Islands Occupation Society gives an introduction. Asks the audience how many people were there during the occupation, talks about the association of the period with music, tunes from beginning of the occupation were almost the only entertainment, confiscation of radios, plays music from the occupation period which people identify, the cinemas functioning in Jersey including The Forum, West's and The Opera House, films stuck here during the occupation that kept getting repeated, marching music of the germans, George Le Sueur, a local resident who provided entertainment for local residents, reading of books, people writing in the Evening Post and the censorship involved, Reg Grandin who wrote light hearted poetry about the occupation, the borrowing and passing around of music, German films arriving and the mixed feelingsinvolved in going to see them, propaganda in films, stage plays and variety shows, people who took part, German involvement in censorship, a show he was involved in at the Opera House, improvisation neeed during the occupation, tap dancing, an impression of a performance by Maurice Ricou- a comedian, going out to the country parishes and an impression of a comedy performance that may have taken place and the feeling when the first red cross parcels arrived.

Reference: L/D/25/L/33

Date: September 30th 1981 - September 30th 1981

1) Talk by Stanhope Landick, school teacher from 1935, on education to the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Introduction by the Channel Islands Occupation Society President. Talks about his time at St Ouen's Central School under Mr A A H Downerat the start of the occupation, moving to the Intermediate School in Brighton Road in September 1941, his memories of St Ouen including the lack of nourishment for the pupils, Mr Downer's decision to start teaching german, experience of the Germans, a father of a pupil being shot dead for being out after curfew and the execution fo Francois Scornet, question of teaching german, the problem of heating, health of pupils, sport, talks of pupils that he remembers that are prominent in island life, an article that he had written, the demilitarisation of the Channel Islands and the evacuation, the actions of the Bailiff, Alexander Coutanche, men of military agebeing examined, books about education during the occupation, the story of Louisa Gould and Harold Le Druillenec, the States being formed into the Superior Council, the Education Committee, the air raid and arrival of the Germans, memories of other people, soup taken around schools, selling of salt water, milk for children, fundraisers for the Children's Benefit Fund, the visit of Graf von Schmettow in 1965 and a visit to the graves at Howard Davis Park, how they felt about von Schmettow, a meeting with Alexander Coutanche in 1970, making german compulsory, Victoria College, members of the Education Committee, visits by german officers, prize giving, raising of the school leaving age to 15, number of people who were in education during the occupation , the ease of getting out of the island after the occupation but difficulty in getting back in and the confiscation of radios. Questions about the hostages that were taken by the Germans, those who taught german, school children's diet, a particular teacher, Victoria College, a poem he wrote about the SS Vega and the Red Cross. Dixie Landick then talks about his life, his job of translating for the Germans, being involved as a translator for Graf von Schmettow he came to Jersey in 1965 and was interviewed by Channel Television, explaining how the interview took place. He plays the interview in which Graf von Schmettow answers questions concerning why he became a soldier, his thoughts on the Nazi party, how he came to be in the Channel Islands, his expectations of the local population, slave workers working for Organisation Todt on the fortifications, deportations, the refusal of a surrender proposal, consequences of German victory and what made him decide to come back to the Channel Islands. 2) Noises from the working of a mill (?)-with photographs being taken.

Reference: L/D/25/L/34

Questions and answer session between Ted Larbalestier, a town ship pilot and the master of the SS Normand, the supply ship between Granville and the Channel Islands, and the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Answers questions on how he got the job as master, his crew including his first mate Silver Le Riche, how he became a pilot to guide ships into the St Helier Harbour, how much cargo was unloaded, the lay out of St Helier Harbour, when Germans took pilots on, who summoned him if he was wanted, whether he was onboard when a ship was attacked, the normal picking up and dropping off points, the passage through the rocks, lighthouses, memories of a particular barge, German naval ships, paddle steamers, what was used to put the pilots aboard, Captain Richmond-the Harbour Master, going around Gorey to get sand, towing in of barges, buoys in Gorey harbour, varieties of ships, the use of tugs, experiences in piloting, boom across the harbour entrance, cleaning up after liberation, raids in Granville, liberation boats, different tugs, the tug the Duke of Normandy, buoys, going to Pomme d'Or, German Harbour officials, pilots actions in the deportation and Michael Ginns' experience, the docking of cargo ships, pumping of petrol, list of ships with tanker licences, shipwrecks, inspections down the harbour, attacks on the harbour during the occupation, having to tow barges to Granville and once to St Malo with Silver Le Riche when they were mistakenly imprisoned, passes to go around Granville, experiences in Granville, executions of german soldiers, difficulties with mines, where and what was used for cable laying, the outpost at the Minquiers, fishing boats, railways down the harbour, the Chausey Islands and the running of the SS Normand. User copy available.

Reference: L/D/25/L/35

Date: March 22nd 1984 - March 22nd 1984

Norman Le Brocq, founder member of the Jersey Communist Party and former Deputy of the States of Jersey, talks to the Channel Islands Occupation Society about his occupation experiences. Introduction by the CIOS President. Talks about his personal situation at the start of the occupation, his decision not to be evacuated, his political ideas, becoming a methodist lay preacher, meeting Leslie Huelin, a member of the Australian Communist Party, in 1941, forming a discussion group that later became the Jersey Democratic Movement to talk about ideas for Jersey after the war, the formation and growth of the Jersey Communist Party, the recruitment of Warren Hobbs, names of young people that they had recruited, making sketches of German military installations, organising aid for escaped Ukrainian forced labourers, Mikhail Krohin, an escapee taught english by Mrs Metcalfe who acted as a distribution messenger, the acquirement of a printing duplicator to create illegal leaflets for the Jersey Democratic Movement, copying BBC news bulletins for camps, help they received, methods of obtaining supplies and identity cards, Dr McKinstry who helped them, the setting up of an OT Hospital being at Girl's College, contact between Ernest Perrée, a porter at the hospital and the Spanish workers who were mostly communists, the meeting between three spanish workers and three from the Jersey Communist Party, the passing of leaflets in the camps by the Spanish, the duplicator being hidden in a cottage in Sand Street, his wrongful sacking from the Jersey Gas Company for leaking information, working for the libraries and the George Hutt's bookshop and lending library in Broad Street, Feodor Burrij and Louisa Gould, a meeting with Paul Mullbach, a german soldier part of a group [part of or inspired by the Free Germany Movement] attempting to start a mutiny in the garrison, agreement to produce leaflets for him, being nominated as liaison with Mulbach and meeting in Burger's Bookshop in the Parade to hand over the leaflet to print, being helped by Rosalie Le Riche, Mr Le Brocq's soon to be wife, Mulbach's desertion and the cottage bought for him to live in, Mulbach's attempt to blow up the camp and plans for the mutiny being curtailed as the result of liberation. Questions asked about what happened to Paul Mulbach, the people involved in resistance movements that existed and Mr Holmes, a shopkeeper who was alleged to be a spy for both the Nazis and the Allies, Polish soldiers in the German army, the camp at the bottom of Jubilee Hill, known as Lager Immelman, the return of the forced worker, Mariam Polski (?) to the island after the occupation, Russian bishops, visit to Ukraine, the experiences of the German prisoners of war and forced labourers after the occupation, whether he's thinking of writing his memoirs, whether he was ever picked up by the Germans, he talks about a member of the feldgendarmerie, Billy Mace, who warned Louisa Gould a search was coming but she was unable to get everything out, the experience of Harold Le Druillenec and the efficiency of the Nazis. [Same recording as items R/03/C/7 and R/03/C/8]

Reference: L/D/25/L/36

Date: April 13th 1988 - April 13th 1988

Interview of Silver Le Riche, St Helier Harbour Pilot 1940-1945, by members of the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Talking about his experience as a pilot bringing boats into St Helier Harbour during the occupation. Subjects covered include the duties that he carried out, his refusal to pilot a boat that was carrying mines and his subsequent questioning at the Pomme d'Or, the boats that used to go out to meet ships, those that piloted during the occupation, how they received orders verbally at the Southampton Hotel, restrictions on movement, presence of german soldiers when they brought the boat in, going to St Malo and being put in prison, the recruitment of the crew of the SS Normand through the Harbour Office, Captain Sowden who skippered the boat, the overloading of ships, shipwrecks, Captain Bennett of the SS Spinel and his death in Guernsey, the biggest ship he brought in, the night the SS Schockland sank, what happened to the SS Robert Muller during the war, Ted Larbalestier, bringing the Lavada (?) in, whether the germans took their advice, how he crashed a damaged ship, the H49, was arrested and put in prison and interrogated for 7 days, reminiscences of german masters down at the harbour, a floating crane, sand runs to Gorey, the size of ships in St Aubin, the bombing of a german ship, air raids, being given german orders by Captain Richmond and going to the Grand Hotel with George Gill, Peter Guiton, Ted Larbalestier and Bob La Cloche, tug trips to Guernsey on the Duke of Normandy, the SS Normand, the position and types of buoys, driving the SS Normand and the captain after Silver Le Riche, passenger services to France, experiences on the SS Diamond, rescuing germans from a shipwreck and number of shipwrecks in the island, Bill Furzer and Captain Richmond's uniform, his fellow pilots, working on Peter Guiton's farm, liberation, the arrival of the SS Vega, they show him photographs of the occupation. He talks about treating with germans after the liberation. They identify the ships in the photos. Asked about aking photographs in Granville, who is alive today who worked at the harbour during the occupation, the most frightening experience during the occupation as a pilot when he had a shot fired at him, restrictions on pilots, buying rations in France, the Duke of Normandy, lights to guide boats into the harbour, a german ship hitting the Dog's Nest, bringing soldiers out of St Malo at the start of the occupation and seeing the loch gates being destroyed, the pilot in Granville, how busy Granville was and if they refused to bring military cargo back to Jersey, his memory of the deportations, the barges collecting sand at Gorey for building works, the arrival of the Russians, attempted rescue of a ship, being sent to the Pomme d'Or for being drunk, his time in prison in St Malo and in the Pomme d'Or for seven days, their uniforms, piloting ships into the harbour at liberation, the SS Vega, when and where the railway stopped and who else to interview.

Reference: L/D/25/L/38

Talk by Bob Le Sueur to the Channel Islands Occupation Society entitled 'Foreign Workers of the Organisation Todt'. Introduction by the CIOS President with notices. Talks about his friendship with a number of Spanish and Russian foreign workers. the lack of facts in official records and distortions post liberation, the need to look at the occupation objectively, how the Russians were treated as slaves but other national groups although forced were paid, how the spaniards came to be in Jersey after the Spanish Civil War, the relatively high wages that they received which led to inflation of prices on the black market, the worth of reichsmarks, the currency used in Jersey during the occupation, Spaniards having suits made for them, where the Spaniards worked in St Brelade and their camps on either side of Route Orange, Mr Le Sueur socialising with the spanish labourers, Spanish men who lived in Longfield Avenue in St Brelade, going to Brown's Café with the Spaniards, the rations received by the Russians, tells the story of a Ukrainian who became an adopted Spaniard in France and from then on moved around with them, the description of the arrival of the Russian slave labours, tells the story of a Russian he got to know and his journey to Jersey, the camp at the bottom of Jubilee Hill, the story of Feodor Burrij he was punished after attempting to escape and was then successful and lived out the occupation being sheltered by various locals such as Louisa Gould, who was deported for it, and a flat in town, Nazi racist policy, the brutality of the Soviet regime and Stalin's directive that no Russian should be taken as a POW, the deaths of the Russian labourers in Jersey, the account of Peter Bokatenko, a Russian POW who after liberation told of Russian's being killed and buried by the roadside, interrogations ater the war by Major Hargreaves and a colleague at the British Hotel and the fact that the slave labourers talked of murder but were unable to offer evidence of this relying on hearsay, Russian POWs after the occupation and the reaction at home, what happened to them after the occupation and the experience of a particular Russian POW. Questions asked on the attempts by the OT to find their escaped prisoners, the story of Mr and Mrs Woodhall who sheltered two russians in a flat above the soldatenheim at the Mayfair Hotel for 18 months and what happened to Feodor Burrij. Michael Ginns talks about the condition of Russians and how Bob Le Sueur was given an award by the Russians for his bravery.

Reference: L/D/25/L/39

Date: October 13th 1993 - October 13th 1993

Mrs M Bird, Past Vice-President of the Channel Islands Occupation Society (Guernsey) and Ex President of the Woman's Institute delivering a speech entitled 'Life on the Domestic Front and Life in General during the Occupation' delivered to the Channel Islands Occupation Society (Jersey) and the Channel Islands Family History Society. Kept diaries during occupation which the talk is mainly based upon. Was a housewife and so had to cope with life at home. Talk includes references concerning demilitarisation and evacuation, dilemma of whether to go or stay with mixed messages given by the States, decided against going although her mother went splitting the family up, air raid, landing of Germans and her first impressions, the running of the island, agriculture in the island, buying of food in France, attempt to live normally, gradual worsening of conditions, church arrangements, beaches, cinemas, entertainment during the occupation-keeping up morale, transport-bicycles, buses, hospitals, schools-german lessons, deportation of Guernsey residents to the internment camps, press-censorship, proliferation of rumours, wirelesses and crystal sets, GUNS-Guernsey Underground News Sheet, Red Cross messages, dropping of leaflets, food, cooking and clothing, 'a housewife's nightmare'-rationing, bartering economy, improvisation of ingredients for recipes, methods of cooking, fuel and the difficulty of rationing, food-details of level of rationing with different foods, extracts from diary on the dishes she made, treatment by german soldiers, desperation near the end-eating of pets by germans, D-Day-tightening up of everything, arrival of SS Vega and the Red Cross parcels, stealing on the increase, Organisation Todt camp nearby, liberation day, reintroduction of mail service and the feelings of thankfulness at the close of occupation.

Reference: L/D/25/L/4

Channel Islands Occupation Society minutes sub-fortifications committee meeting held at the museum.

Reference: L/D/25/L/48

Date: January 23rd 1996 - January 23rd 1996

Talk by Dr Raymond Osmont of his experiences as a doctor at the General Hospital during the occupation to the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Talk includes references to his return to island before being qualified and Dr McKinstry arranging for him to work at the hospital to gain experience, Dr Darling who he lived with and taught him about clinical medicine, learning about procedures and surgical instruments, the effect of the occupation on the hospital with many nurses evacuating and the matron Miss Miller and later Miss Carter heading the team, a recruitment campaign to bring new nursing staff in, some of the medical staff of the hospital including Dr Arthur Halliwell, Dr John Hanna, Mr Arnold Ferguson, Dr Warrington, Dr Blampied, Dr Wood and the dentist Mr Joe Price, the GPs of the island, the reorganisation of the wards after being taken over by the Germans, the maternity wing transferring to the Dispensary with Dr John Lewis being put in charge, the geriatric ward on the top floor under the leadership of Sister Renoir, the increase in the death rates on the island due to lack of drugs, food and heating, increase in tuberculosis, the treatment of Miss Ivy Forster the sister of Louisa Gould and Harold Le Druillenec, Elise Floyd helping prisoners' families meet with them in the physiotherapy department, the casualty and outpatient departments under Dr Darling, a fracture clinic run by Dr Halliwell on a saturday morning, the pathology lab under Dr McKinstry who looked after public health and Overdale Hospital, the increase in epidemics during the occupation, the number of cases of diptheria, whooping cough and other diseases, vaccinations, foreign workers bringing in diseases, a house in Grands Vaux being used as a tuberculosis sanotorium, the death of Arnold Ferguson, the isolation wards in the hospital who dealt with the psychiatric patients, a German air force doctor who used to smuggle small quantities of drugs from Germany for Dr McKinstry, the height and weight of children at this time, the improvement in children's teeth, the crisis year of 1944 where supplies of insulin, anaesthetics and fuel were getting low, supplies being brought in from France but a great deal being stolen on the way to the island, all supplies ceasing from D-Day to the arrival of the SS Vega leading to the death of 14 diabetics, the running out of anaesthetics, tar being used as a fuel in place of coal, the problem of running out of x ray films,a lack of variety of drugs and the drugs used, a show put on by the hospital staff to keep morale up, the senior pharmacist Snowdon Amy, the different medicines used for different diseases, the arrival of penicillin on the SS Vega and the treatment of the prostitutes used by the german soldiers for venereal diseases.

Reference: L/D/25/L/49

Date: March 11th 1987 - March 11th 1987

Dr A C Bishop talking about Dr Klüpfel, the german geologist who was conscripted to Jersey in August 1941, to the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Klüpfel studied the geology of the island druring the occupation and assited the German forces in the siting and building of tunnels and strongpoints.His notebooks were discovered in the 1970s and much information were gained from theseat the Institute of Geological Sciences. Dr Klüpfel wrote predominately geology in notebooks but also scraps of military information. He was billeted in room 80 at the Grand Hotel. A number of different topics in the islands were investigated by him. Sand and gravel were needed for concrete and he made a surveys of beaches of the island to estimate how much sand and gravel could be taken. Coastal studies included most of beaches of the island and record very accurately the composition and size of gravel. Klüpfel visited most of the quarries in the island and wrote about the potential of each. He suggested possible sites for the Organisation Todt camps in the North of Island and investigated whether enough water would be available to house the OT workers. Early 42 first mention of the power station at Tesson Mill-needs discussed by Dr Klüpfel. Studied tunnels in the island.Especially involved in those of St Peter's Valley, Mushroom Tunnel, German Underground Hospital, Grands Vaux and St Aubin's tunnels. Lists firms involved in drilling in Channel Islands. Wrote reports on tunnels. Military installations sited according to military and not geological thoughts (bad quality of recording). Need for water at strongpoints and Klüpfel looked at the needs for different sites. Drainage problems of camps and strongpoints. 23rd April 1944 last dated entry. Unknown when he left the island. Next heard of in 1946 in post war correspondence. Bishop states he had a big affect on defences in Channel Islands. Questions and answers at close of speech.

Reference: L/D/25/L/5

Date: September 21st 1978 - September 21st 1978

Talk by Gordon Prigent, a prisoner in the SS camp in Alderney during the occupation, to the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Introduction and announcements by Michael Ginns. Talks about being put in the camp for being an undesirable for refusing to work for ther Germans, being sent to an OT farm in Alderney, being transferred to the soldatenheim to scrub floors, being caught listening to the news and as punishment being sent back to the OT farm, refused to work at the farm and was marched to the SS Camp Nordeney, put to work on the land, different manual works listed, length of the days growing as the days became longer, digging slip trenches around the bay after D-Day, preparing the food at the soldatenheim, digging potatoes, collecting food from Fort Albert dungeons and delivering it, stealing some of the food to survive, the food situation, working in the bakehouse, illness amongst prisoners, the OT camp commander, beatings on prisoners by the german soldiers, Russians being so hungry that they killed a dog for food and were shot as punishment, his condition since the end of the war, bombing of the soldatenheim, evacuation from the island to France but having to turn back because og the amount of ships lost, being transported to Guernsey and staying at the hospital and then onto Jersey, marched to Fort Regent, some prisoners being transported to France but boats lost so he remained in Jersey, reporting at Victoria College and being given a job which he didn't do. Questions asked on how old he was during the second world war, the circumstances of his arrest, how long he spent in Alderney, the uniform prisoners wore, messages to his family, the nationality of other prisoners, farming he undertook, criticism of a book about the Alderney concentration camps, deaths in the camps, marches undertaken by the prisoners, hospital at the camp and the treatment of the sick and starving, what he saw of the invasion in France, the building of the camps and fortifications, treatment of the prisoners, whether he worked on the harbour, an irish worker he knew, relationships with other prisoners, how he feels now, nationality of the guards, rabbits on the island and a fellow Jersey prisoner.

Reference: L/D/25/L/52

Date: October 13th 1982 - October 13th 1982

Talk by Mr Sam Renouf to the Channel Islands Occupation Society on beekeeping during the occupation. Introduction by a member of the CIOS. Talks about the Jersey Beekeepers Association which was founded during the First World War by the Société Jersiaise, the industry's development, the lessening opportunities for beekeeping now as a result of the lessening of the agriculture industry, methods of extracting honey from hives, people who used to keep bees in Jersey, starting beekeeping as a hobby after the Great War and the equipment he used, advantage of keeping bees during the occupation, how hives were made during the occupation and the improvisation was necessary, being short of beeswax, methods of encouraging bees, a great deal of stealing by german soldiers and russian prisoners of war, attempts to prevent stealing by various methods including camouflage, putting it on the roof and in somebody's bedroom, deaths of bees due to gunfire, lack of honey due to trees being cut down for fuel, his allowance of petrol, looking after other people's hives, handing over honey for hospitals and the sick in place of medicine, trees that bees like, making of mead which was kept for liberation, improvisation with food, different places that he kept bees, keeping and making crystal radio sets, requisition of tyres by the germans but Mr Renouf kept his, inspections by the germans of his vehicles, requests by the germans for honey, moving bees, supplying bees for different people, experiences of being shelled whilst fishing, getting salt from the sea at Le Fret, needing sugar for the hives, reproduction and numbers of bees, how long bees live for, what bumble bees are, the treating of wounds with honey and pollen, value of honey and pollen, his experience of a trip to Russia for a beekeeping conference and the different techniques of beekeeping in Russia.

Reference: L/D/25/L/53

Date: January 6th 1982 - January 6th 1982

Talk by Mr T Riley to the Channel Islands Occupation Society. (Very faint at some points) Talks about his experiences during the occupation and the different jobs he undertook including working at George D Laurens shop in Queen Street, being called up by Theodor Elsch to help build sea walls at La Braye slip wall but refusing to work, being put into prison in Gloucester Street for not complying, given a month in prison, when he got out was put to work on the sea walls but started registering in the morning and then going home, put to work on the German Hospital in St Peter's Valley but stopped going after a rock fall, got sent down the Victoria Pier cleaning the walls of tanks but didn't want to work there either, put to work in a german store but was eventually arrested, interrogated by the police at Silvertide, Havre des Pas and was offered the choice of doing 5 months prison in France or 5 weeks solitary confinement in Jersey, decided on staying in Jersey, was classed as an 'undesirable', talks about the reduced rations they received in prison, a plan whereby he got increased rations, a job at the Homestead in Vallée des Vaux when he was released, got extra beer by delivering beer from Ann Street Brewery, getting a letter saying he was to be deported but avoiding it as his name was late in the alphabet, becoming friendly with a german he was living next to and being allowed off the next deportations, working for the States down St Helier Harbour unloading supplies, the stealing that used to take place of German goods, being arrested by the Germans for stealing and being sentenced by the local police court as it was States goods to four weeks hard labour, breaking stones in the prison, getting shingles in prison and was given light duties, got married and was living in town, got a job looking after and grave digging at the Stranger's Cemetery, got fired for only going to work every other day and pulling down a hut to burn for fuel, sent to Midvale Road to work in OT offices as a cleaner, taking fuel from the offices, picking berries from a mountain ash for his boss who lived in Clarendon Road to distill into alcohol, opening a room at the office which had a great deal of food inside and taking supplies, moved to St Brelade and worked at knocking down trees for people's fuel, used to fill bins with sea water and extracted the salt, taking weapons and binoculars from a store and looking in the bunker at La Pulente and finding a motorbike. Comments made by the audience about their dealings with the germans at the Harbour and taking food, the need for policemen as so much was being taken. Riley tells how he was caught out after curfew 52 times, he had to go to Bagatelle House to explain himself, dealing on the blackmarket for an old lady who lived in Colomberie, the ships that transported essential commodoties the SS Normand and SS Spinel their captains, the arrival of the Russian POWs, taking butter from the germans, the arrival of the SS Vega and the red cross parcels, the fact that things for babies were never touched and how they always tried to steal from the Germans. Questions asked and comments made concerning his arrests and whether it was recorded in the press, the Painters, listening to radios and an American airman who crashed and was saved by John de la Haye.

Reference: L/D/25/L/54

Date: April 8th 1981 - April 8th 1981

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