A hand written 127 page journal of 12 chapters by Dr W J Le Quesne called 'Under the Swastika in Jersey: The Experiences of a university student'. Dr Walter J Le Quesne describes the events leading up to the German Occupation of the Channel Islands and the first six months of German Occupation from an undergraduate's perspective.

Reference: L/D/25/M5/1

Date: June 14th 1940 - December 31st 1940

Hand written rough notes by Dr W J Le Quesne for the journal 'Under the Swastika in Jersey: The Experiences of a university student'.

Reference: L/D/25/M5/2

Date: June 14th 1940 - December 31st 1940

Scrapbook containing Evening Post newspaper cuttings from 19th June 1940 to 21st July 1944 compiled by Dr Walter J Le Quesne concerning all aspects of the german occupation

Reference: L/D/25/M5/3

Date: June 19th 1940 - July 21st 1944

Scrapbook containing Evening Post newspaper cuttings from 11th July 1944 to 26th June 1945 compiled by Dr Walter J Le Quesne concerning all aspects of the german occupation.

Reference: L/D/25/M5/4

Date: July 11th 1944 - June 26th 1945

Map of Jersey, showing German strongpoints, gun positions, coastal defences, compiled by Howard Butlin Baker for the Channel Islands Occupation Society. (See also L/F/120/A/128/2 for text relating to the map) 60cm by 42cm

Reference: L/F/120/A/128/1

Date: 1940 - 1945

Text relating to the map of Jersey, showing German strongpoints, gun positions, coastal defences, compiled by Howard Butlin Baker for the Channel Islands Occupation Society. (see also L/F/120/A/128/1) 60cm by 42cm

Reference: L/F/120/A/128/2

Date: 1940 - 1945

Channel Islands Occupation Society Tape 1- 1) Scars on the Landscape-a Michael Ginns production concerning the fortifications left by the Germans after the occupation in Jersey and the need to preserve them. Includes an introduction to the island, their tactical position and the fortifications used up until the Napoleonic Wars, takes a tour around the island putting german fortifications and defence positions in comparison to the way they like in 1984, studies the fortifications and the interest that they arouse when placed in context, looks at the dumping of weapons and destroying of fortifications at the close of the occupation, the realisation of islanders that certain items that were being destroyed were irreplaceable, the Channel Islands Occupation Society being set up and put in charge of a number of bunkers to preserve them in the proper manner and the fact that German fortifications and defences form a part of Jersey's history-26 minutes 2) The German Occupation Railways of Jersey-1941-1946-a Michael Ginns and David Bishop production concerning the railways built in Jersey during the German Occupation. Includes an introduction to the history of railways in the island and their replacement by the bus systems, the building of forts by the Organisation Todt and the need to transport large quantities of concrete around the island quickly, the construction of railways and their routes around the island, evidence of the railways today, the reopening of quarries and the need to extend the railways to reach them, the trains and wagons that were used in the island during the occupation and a picture of the last full size steam locomotive running in Jersey-26 minutes. [Master Copy-see L/D/25/J2/1]

Reference: Q/01/1

Date: 1984 - 1984

Channel Islands Occupation Society Tape 2 1) Summer of 1945-a Michael and Margaret Ginns production concerning the liberation of Jersey in the summer of 1945. Includes an introduction to the occupation of Jersey and the restrictions placed upon Channel Islanders by the Germans, the occurrence of D-Day but surrender not occurring in Jersey, the lack of supplies and fuel as a result of being cut off and the rescue of the islanders by the supplies of the SS Vega, news being gained from the crystal radio sets, listening to Churchill's speech in the Royal Square, the meeting of the German officers on the HMS Beagle and the signing of the surrender of the island, liberation forces coming onto the island and the celebrations that took place as a result, German prisoners of war being put to work to clear the devastation that had been left, parades of the British army, the thanksgiving service on the 17th May 1945 and the Royal visit on June 7th, removal and dumping of ammunition and islanders visit the previously off limits fortifications, the island returning to pre war state with the return of the mail boat and deportees and evacuees coming back to the island, finally clearing finishing in 1946 and celebrations to mark the one year anniversary of liberation-22 mins 30 secs. 2) Interned-a study of the deportations of Channel Islanders to internment camps in Southern Germany. Includes the reason islanders were deported, the serving of deportation orders, an exhibition marking the 40th anniversary of its occurrence with many paintings of interest being put on show, details of where the camps, Biberach, Laufen and Wurzach, were located, the make up of the camps, Harold Hepburn and other painters who took deportation as a chance to paint, single men being separated and taken to Laufen, different artists in the camps and examples of work done by Harold Hepburn, Henry Barnett, Sidney Dolby, Irene Grubb, and Joan Salmon, sport that took place in the camps, education, health in the camps, deaths and births of Channel Islanders in the camps, food and the assistance offered by the Red Cross, life continuing as normally as possible with celebrations of birthdays and anniversaries, liberation of the camps, freedom to move into the village and surrounding village and meet German people who had helped them, return to England and the Channel Islands, children adjusting to life without restrictions and the setting up of the Jersey Ex-Internee Association to promote greater understanding between people from Jersey and Wurzach-23 mins. [Master Copy-see L/D/25/J2/2]

Reference: Q/01/2

Date: 1984 - 1984

VHS Tape: 1) 8mm black and white film deposited by the Channel Islands Occupation Society (Jersey). Film shows breakwater at St Helier Harbour. German troops arrive by boat. Explosion [?], waves crashing over breakwater. Liberating Task Force 135 soldiers arrive in the harbour, May 1945. High-speed launch at sea. 2) 16mm colour film deposited by the Channel Islands Occupation Society (Jersey). Trip to Ecrehous reef aboard motor boat 'Belle Star'. Scenes of self-exiled 'King of the Ecrehous' Alphonse Le Gastelois with telescope and then good MCU. Union flag flying. Parish stone inscribed 'St Martin-Jersey 1882'.

Reference: Q/05/A/147

Date: 1960 - 1963

VHS Tape: 1) 16mm colour reel made by the Channel Islands Occupation Society in 1971 as they were being given charge of certain bunkers by the Public Works Committee and entitled 'Jersey Today 1971-26 Years Later'. Includes footage of a reservoir, german fortifications and bunkers at Fliquet, Rue Laurens, St Catherine and Gorey, shots of St Helier Harbour, a parade of cars, a bunker in disrepair, fortifications at Portelet House, a fort on a cliff and disgarded guns at the bottom of a cliff, shots of St Brelade's Beach and sea wall, fortifications at Corniere, Route du Sud, Route de l'Étacq and Grande Route des Mielles, the St Peter's Bunker Museum, a bridge at Val de la Mare, fortifications at Mont Matthieu, guns at the bottom of a cliff, the German Underground Hospital, emplacement overlooking St Ouen's Bay, a house on the Rue du Nord, a telegraph pole, a CIOS excursion to a memorial for François Scornet, St Ouen's Church, meeting in Gorey Car Park, a ship called Echo and a yacht sailing, an island of gun sites [Cezembre], a parade in St Malo and looking around the town and leaving St Malo on the boat.

Reference: Q/05/A/148

Date: 1971 - 1971

Sound Recordings

Reference: R/02/A

Talk by Gordon Prigent, a prisoner in the SS camp in Alderney during the occupation, to the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Introduction and announcements by Michael Ginns. Talks about being put in the camp for being an undesirable for refusing to work for ther Germans, being sent to an OT farm in Alderney, being transferred to the soldatenheim to scrub floors, being caught listening to the news and as punishment being sent back to the OT farm, refused to work at the farm and was marched to the SS Camp Nordeney, put to work on the land, different manual works listed, length of the days growing as the days became longer, digging slip trenches around the bay after D-Day, preparing the food at the soldatenheim, digging potatoes, collecting food from Fort Albert dungeons and delivering it, stealing some of the food to survive, the food situation, working in the bakehouse, illness amongst prisoners, the OT camp commander, beatings on prisoners by the german soldiers, Russians being so hungry that they killed a dog for food and were shot as punishment, his condition since the end of the war, bombing of the soldatenheim, evacuation from the island to France but having to turn back because og the amount of ships lost, being transported to Guernsey and staying at the hospital and then onto Jersey, marched to Fort Regent, some prisoners being transported to France but boats lost so he remained in Jersey, reporting at Victoria College and being given a job which he didn't do. Questions asked on how old he was during the second world war, the circumstances of his arrest, how long he spent in Alderney, the uniform prisoners wore, messages to his family, the nationality of other prisoners, farming he undertook, criticism of a book about the Alderney concentration camps, deaths in the camps, marches undertaken by the prisoners, hospital at the camp and the treatment of the sick and starving, what he saw of the invasion in France, the building of the camps and fortifications, treatment of the prisoners, whether he worked on the harbour, an irish worker he knew, relationships with other prisoners, how he feels now, nationality of the guards, rabbits on the island and a fellow Jersey prisoner-see L/D/25/L/52.

Reference: R/02/A/1

Date: October 13th 1982 - October 13th 1982

Jersey Talking Magazine-January Edition. Introduction by Gordon Young. Interview with Robert Lacey who wrote a biography regarding Queen Elizabeth II talking to Beth Lloyd about the success of the book, where he got his information from, letting the queen know he was writing the book, going into Buckingham Palace for the first time, meeting the Queen, his impressions of her, the popularity of Lady Diana, his next book about the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the story of Saudi Arabia, how he was able to talk to the Saudi Arabian royal family, his impressions of the family, the cultural differences between the Arab and western countries and the conflict between the Arabs and the Jews. Dixie Landick and Stephen Lucas singing 'Gloom is Just Around the Corner'. Cooking Feature-Margaret Jenkins giving recipes for what to cook after christmas. End of Side One. Gordon Young visiting Noirmont Command Bunker with John Bouchere of the Channel Islands Occupation Society talking about the bunker, it being closed from 1945, describing the bunkers defences, specifications and different rooms within the bunker, the restoration of the bunker, the different objects found within the bunker, looking out from Noirmont, describing a 15cm gun that was dumped at the end of the war and retrieved by the Channel Islands Occupation Society from the bottom of a cliff at Les Landes and put at Noirmont, defences that used to exist at Noirmont, the number of guns that was controlled by the Noirmont Command Bunker. End of Side Two.

Reference: R/05/B/61

Date: December 31st 1981 - December 31st 1981

1) Programme about the Liberation of the Channel Islands traced through the archives of the BBC. Winston Churchill's speech on Victory in Europe and the liberation of the island. Douglas Willis, a BBC correspondent, who sailed with the liberating forces into the harbour in HMS Beagle and HMS Bulldog-comments on the arrival into the harbour in Guernsey-arrived in the afternoon but a German officer, Captain Zimmerman arrived who didn't have the power to sign the surrender. Zimmerman was told to withdraw with a copy of the surrender in german and english-he told the British forces that if they kept the ship there that it would be considered a hostile action. HMS Beagle and Bulldog withdrew until they were called to a rendez-vous at midnight so that Major General Heine could sign the surrender. For the first time in 6 years HMS Bulldog is lit up. Heine came out in a ship but did not leave in order to board the HMS Bulldog-the commander of the HMS Bulldog started to get impatient-they turned on the searchlight-the boat arrived after 10 minutes. Commentates on Major General Heine getting on the ship and going to sign the surrender-recording of the surrender. At 6.30 on May 9th Douglas Willis sent another report from HMS Bulldog commentating on the surrender of the german commander in chief and his garrison-waiting for more than 5½ hours-moved towards Guernsey. Recording of British soldier demanding the signing of the surrender. Report at 7.15 on May 9th by Douglas Willis on the surrender of the German forces. Brigadier Snow transferred to HMS Beagle to go to Jersey to receive the surrender of the German garrison-anchored off St Helier Harbour at 10am-Wolf was ordered to the ship but failed to appear immediately. Alexander Coutanche, the bailiff, explains that he was called to meet the German commander in order to accompany him to the boat. When he arrived he found Wulf had his staff officers with him and when he saw that he demanded that his officers came as well-they waited for him. The bailiff sent messages to both the King and Winston Churchill-on May 12th the King issued a royal proclamation about the freeing of the Channel Islands [which is read out]. On the 1 o'clock news on the 16th May it was reported that Herbert Morrison had a great reception on a visit to St Helier-the next day the shops were due to be filled with goods. In Guernsey Herbert Morrison talks about his visit to the Channel Islands. On the 5th June the bailiff spoke on radio-talks about the Jersey residents in the armed forces, his thanks towards the government in the UK, the force under Brigadier Snow and the Channel Islanders who were deported during the second world war and his wish to hurry their return to the island although warns that the islands may have changed from when they left them and he talks about the changes and difficulties that the island experienced during the occupation-the shortages, rationing, worsening conditions and the Red Cross. On the 7th June the royal visit of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth took place. BBC Correspondent Howard Marshall reporting about the King and Queen arriving at the States building and meeting the bailiff, the crowds in the Royal Square to see the royal visit, playing of the national anthem, going in and coming out of the States Building with a fanfare and the car being driven away. On christmas day 1945 Harold Le Druillenec, the only British survivor of Belsen, was chosen to introduce the King's message to the Commonwealth-talks about his experience in the concentration camp, the death of his sister and his survival, his life during the occupation in the Channel Islands and the freedom they now experience. 2) Tom Salmon interviewing Sir Alexander Coutanche. Talks about the office of bailiff and its 3 main functions-presiding in the court, presiding in the States and administrative work. Started as a member of the Bar during the first world war, came back to practice in Jersey in 1920 and soon after that he was elected as a deputy in St Helier. After 3 years he was appointed as the solicitor-general and then attorney-general and then bailiff. He is been a member of the States for 38 years in different capacities. Became the bailiff in 1935. When he became solicitor-general in 1925 he knew there needed to be a reorganisation of the public services-by 1935 the reorganisation had taken place. Saw the possibility of Jersey as a tourist destination-was interested in the building of the Airport and updating of the harbours. The increase in tourism meant a reorganisation in society in order to deal with visitors and hotel workers. Was responsible for the establishment of the first housing scheme. The arrival of the second world war-no one believed that there was going to be an occupation. The island was prepared to receive soldiers from St Malo as a defensive position-the Germans didn't go directly to St Malo and so the soldiers could get back to Britain safely. As a result the British troops were removed and the islands were left undefended-the Jersey people felt horror at this news. When the evacuation was completed he was ordered to take on the responsibilities of both bailiff and governor-a war time government was established to speed up the process. When the British troops left they offered to blow up the public utilities but he pointed out they'd be needed for the residents and so they decided to leave them as they were. On the day the German soldiers landed he was in his house in the morning and he received notice that papers had been dropped ordering the surrender of the island. He had told residents that when he could not guarantee their safety he would lower the flag from Fort Regent and that day he went to Fort Regent and lowered the flag. When at Fort Regent received a message saying the Germans had landed at the Jersey Airport-he went out there and the German officers explained that Jersey was occupied. The German officers were young airborne troops-later he came to the house and read proclamations. They enquired about supplies and when he told them of the stocks of food they didn't think rationing would be necessary as they were on their way to England. After the Battle of Britain he met the officer again who said he felt sorry for them as a paper war was about to begin-a large administration was then brought in. Jersey was lucky because the heads of the administration were gentlemen-he could deal with them. He was always convinced that Britain would win-never thought they'd be here for ever. As a representative of his people-he had to deal with the Germans-he had no means of letting the people know what and why he was doing things-could gain great advantages but people wouldn't know about it. Felt no moral qualms about the things they did because the one thing they wanted to do was make sure the people of the island survived. Felt lonely-his wife often felt worse. There was nothing anyone could do in terms of sabotage-punishments would follow like wirelesses were taken away. When they were taken away he didn't have a secret set but was kept up to date with news. The worst time was in 1942 when the deportations took place-wanted to resign but was persuaded to stay. The conditions after D-Day were terrible-had no gas, electricity, coal or bread or a lot of other things. Had soup rations given out. If you lived in the country you were better off than the town people. He was able to have a fire because of the trees in his garden and had candles so he was fortunate. Everybody lost weight-his wife lost a great deal. The Germans near the end changed the people in the high command-the head was an admiral who he never got on with. He was determined never to surrender-he only surrendered when he was ordered to do so-had to climb down. Addressed the people in the Royal Square-played Winston Churchill's speech over loudspeakers in the Square and celebrations took place but they were not liberated until the next day on his birthday, 9th May 1945. During the war he protested-that was all he could do. After the liberation the problems were getting people back to the island. The constitutional set up of the island were examined-were asked how to reform the States and Royal Court and most of these were approved. The great task was to put in place the political reforms-15 years later they were not quite put in place. Housing was a great problem at that time-people coming back. Proud of the changes since the war. End of Side One. 3) Deportee Bob Samson being interviewed about a society that was formed after a visit to Germany in 1971 with the aim to foster better relationships between Jersey and the German people. Was an internee for 3 years. He was born in Birmingham-he was the only one in his family born outside of the island. He wasn't badly treated. About 2000 people were sent out of the island in six weeks. Was given notice of a day that he was to be deported-he received it a week before he was 18. He was not worried about being sent to Germany but his mother and father were worried. They couldn't stop him being sent away. He looked after himself on the boat-he knew people on the boat from St Ouen. Deportee Maurice Hill being interviewed about being arrested in September 1942 after protesting against the deportation of English born people to Germany. Was one of 13 arrested outside of the Barra Hotel. Was sentenced in a German court for 4 months-it was reduced to a month and he was released after 3 weeks but in February 1943 he was sent to Laufen. He was sent to the local prison in Jersey and Laufen was an old castle. The guards were regular soldiers but they did have an SS search once for a radio. The head of Laufen offered to take it and return it after the SS search which they did. They were supposed to get the German front line soldier but they didn't have much. A couple of people attempted to escape including an ex island footballer Cyril Dale who left with a Guernsey boy, Bill Russell-got as far as Vienna before getting caught. Bill Russell escaped when in Yugoslavia and joined the partisans. Laufen was an all male camp, families went to Biberach originally and then most of them went to Wurzach. They had a football pitch for entertainment on a small island-if they misbehaved it would be closed. There was a concert hall, table tennis table. All the equipment came through the Red Cross-received red cross parcels. They were released on May 4th-were listening to the news and saw American troops and ran out-they didn't know their was an internment camp in the village. Got back to Jersey in September but some got back before that and some after. 4) Personal view of Michael Ginns, a founder of the Channel Islands Occupation Society (Jersey Branch), interviewed by Beth Lloyd. The CIOS was originally founded in Guernsey in 1966 and the Jersey branch was formed in 1971 for the purpose of reporting and collating all aspects of the occupation. Believes some bunkers should be preserved for posterity-one day the bunkers will be looked upon in the same way as the martello towers. The bunkers and constructions were mostly built to fortress standards-will last a long time. The Germans left the bunkers in working order-straight after the occupation people went to the bunkers and took souvenirs-when the British troops arrived they took out the hardware which was dumped in the sea. Each type of the smaller weapons were given to the States of Jersey but everything else was dumped into the sea. As the years went by the bunkers were used as rubbish tips and so in the early 1960s all bunkers on public land were sealed to the public. Some are now open because in 1976 he thought it would be a good idea to open the Noirmont Bunker to the public-wrote to the Public Works Committee and they told him that in the winter they would go and look at it to see its prospects. The committee was later taken over by Senator John Averty-he was keen to open it and allowed the CIOS to look after it. Since then they have given the responsibility for the associated observation tower nearby, the bunker at Corbière, La Carrière, St Brelade and the Gun Emplacement and Underground Bunkers at Les Landes, St Ouen. Have 170 local member in the CIOS of which a dozen are very active. Noirmont is open twice a month for visitors. First Record-A german march. He was 11 years old when the second world war started. He had just started at Victoria College in 1939. Life continued as normal at first but had to carry his gas mask. He enjoyed it as a boy-liked seeing aeroplanes fly overhead. Knew the Germans were coming-after the evacuation there was a calm. His father though of evacuating but never managed to leave. The Germans moved into Victoria College House. Carried on at school-it began at 10 o'clock. In 1941 Victoria College moved to Halkett Place as it was taken over by the Germans as a barracks. In 1941 a German schools inspector visited Victoria College. The first he knew of deportation was when he was visiting town with his mother and she was told by a friend that the deportations were to take place. They were fortunate because it was a Tuesday but they didn't leave until Friday-some had to leave within 24 hours. Had to send animals to the Animal Shelter to be put down. Had to report at Grouville Station where a bus was laid on to take them to St Helier. Had to report to the JMT Garage on the Esplanade-they were on the last bus and couldn't get on the ship. Went home-some went home to empty houses which had been looted by neighbours. When they came back 21 days later people held back and weren't deported-there was a minor deportation in February 1943. Second Record-Vera Lynn with 'The White Cliffs of Dover'. The journey from France to Germany has to be looked at in terms of the time. They were the only prisoners at the time being transported in second class railway carriages as opposed to good carriages. They got in to the train at St Malo-were warned to bring enough food for two days and were given some food by the German soldiers. Arrived at Biberach-they then walked up to the camp-it was a prisoner of war camp. Quickly organised themselves in the camp-Captain Hilton was appointed camp senior. Education was laid on for everyone in the first 6 weeks but during this time they were being sorted out. Single men over 16 went to Laufen, married couples with children went to Wurzach and single couples stayed in Biberach and were joined the Guernsey deportees who were following. The rations from the Germans left you hungry but not starving but without the red cross parcels they would have been in trouble. He preferred Wurzach where he moved to-everything was under one roof. Life for a teenage boy-there were football matches, stage shows. It was difficult for a parent with a young family and older people. His mother was matron of the camp hospital-she was asked by Dr Oliver who went with them. Mrs Hutton was the first matron of the hospital but she died in 1943 and his mother took over. His father was ill and spent time in hospital-he was repatriated in September 1943 because of ill health. He was the only child-was in a room with 20 other men and boys there own age-used to collect bread and milk from the village. Had visits from the Red Cross and they decided they needed more room to exercise. There were organised walks outside of the camp twice a week-the guard would sometimes stop at the pub and they had some money from the government. They were repatriated in March 1945 to join up with his father-Germany was falling apart at this time but they were taken on a Red Cross train through Germany, Denmark into Gothenburg, Sweden. Crossed from Gothenburg to Liverpool. They returned to Jersey on July 28th 1945. Everything was intact in their home. Third Record-The Watermill. Felt pleased to be home but was annoyed that he missed the liberation of the camp and Jersey. He and his friends went to Mr Robinson's private school in Balmoral Terrace and he took the school certificate. He joined the army and went to Bodmin-got as far as Nottingham but didn't go abroad-was a vehicle mechanic who worked on tanks-stayed for 6 years. Fourth Record-The theme from the television series We'll Meet Again. When he left the army he started to work in the post office in Nottinghamshire-worked there from Christmas 1952 until May 1953 when he came back to Jersey and became a postman and has been so ever since. Can have problems with dogs but generally are not too bad. Knows about jersey buses-is fascinated by the transport systems of Jersey-wrote a book about the buses in Jersey. Is involved with the Jersey Camera Club and with David Bishop and his wife they produce tape slide sequences. They visited the Royal Air Force base in Cranwell after the RAF visited Jersey and saw his slide show sequences about the occupation and invited them to show them at the base-enjoyed the trip. Fifth Record-Royal Air Force March Past played the Central Band of the Royal Air Force. Enjoys writing books about the occupation. Archives are still being discovered. Most of his work is taken up by running the CIOS. His wife shares his interest in the occupation. Wants to write a definitive work on the defences of the Channel Islands.

Reference: R/07/B/14

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