Poem entitled 'Answer to a Red Cross Letter'. Not dated.

Reference: M/12/B/2

Date: 1944 - 1945

Photocopy of Ralph Mollet's Occupation Diary-Volume III. Events of the occupation covered in great detail-includes cuttings from newspapers and red cross letters [indexed]

Reference: M/28/3

Date: June 7th 1943 - May 10th 1945

Letter from Cecile Mallet of Anne Port Farm to Hugh Hailstone relating to the occupation, includes; details of people who died, the evacuation, deportations, conduct of the German soldiers, lack of essential commodities, rationing, Red Cross parcels and the arrival of the SS Vega, black market, liberation, changes that have taken place in the Gorey area and supplies that are now being received.

Reference: M/41/A1/1

Date: June 5th 1945 - June 5th 1945

Account of the occupation of Jersey by Joyce Le Ruez, includes details relating to her job in a law firm, the evacuation, the demilitarisation of the island, the air raid, the arrival of the Germans, the conduct of the German soldiers, sortage of essential commodities, the Organisation Todt workers, the building of the railway by the Germans, wirelesses, rumours, the RAF dropping leaflets, deportations, black market, the funeral of Colonel Zepernik, the crashing of a British pilot at Grève de Lecq, the arrival of the Red Cross ship SS Vega and liberation.

Reference: M/45/A1/1

Date: January 19th 2002 - January 19th 2002

Miscellaneous diary in two books (January 1944 - December 1945) written by a fairly wealthy elderly lady in Jersey during the German Occupation, giving details of the weather, war rumours, food and fuel shortages, the noise of the gunfire heard from France after the Normandy landings, Red Cross supplies, peace/liberation celebrations and the return to normality after liberation; also: her ms register (57pp) listing and describing the contents of messages sent to and by her, via the Red Cross, noting dates of despatch and arrival, together with an inventory of her house contents.

Reference: Misc 141 (2196)

Date: 1944 - 1945

Liberation Day 2000. A re-enactment of the arrival of Red Cross parcels into the Island, performed outside the Pomme D'Or Hotel.

Reference: p/03/D14/24

Date: May 9th 2000 - May 9th 2000

Liberation Day 2000. A re-enactment of the arrival of Red Cross parcels into the Island.

Reference: p/03/D14/25

Date: May 9th 2000 - May 9th 2000

11 International Red Cross printed message forms sent by Mrs A T Peppercorn from her home in Worcester to her sister-in-law, Mrs J D Harwood Harman in St Helier, Jersey (November 1940 - January 1944), conveying family news and best wishes, and sympathy at the news of Mr Harwood Harman's death (June 1941); together with an ms notebook(56pp) containing wartime recipes such as for 'War Cake', Wartime Omelette', Xmas Pudding and 'Mock Cream'.

Reference: PP/MCR/350

Date: 1940 - 1944

Audio Cassette containing 2 separate sound recordings. 1) Interview with an unidentified doctor regarding his experiences of the German Occupation. Includes: intended to leave the island and join the RAF - went back to the island to see to patients and was then caught by the occupation; petrol rationing; car requisitioned - used a bicycle; had little contact with German troops; German authorities were fairly cooperative in obtaining medical supplies; didn't interfere with his practice; all calves born in the island had to be turned over to the Germans; relates how one of the narator's cows had a calf, he and a friend took it to the surgery, killed it and distributed the meat to friends; communication by Red Cross letter erratic; talks about medical matters; when it was clear that Jersey would be occupied, diabetics were advised to leave island - most did, some didn't; when insulin became scarce all diabetics were put in one ward on a strict diet; most died from lack of insulin; later on a case of insulin was shippped over but on opening the box it was empty - it had been stolen for sale on the black marked; all the diabetics died; no operations were performed unless absolutely neccessary; talks about drugs supplied; most of the General Hospital taken over by Germans; trading on the black market - cornered the snuff market; when that ran out dried cherry leaves and other things were smoked; managed to obtain tobacco seeds and harvested tobacco for sale; food very scarce; tea made from sugar-beet pulp or bought on the black market; helped to hide an escpaed russian prisoner, George [George Koslov?] - got him an identity card from a dead patient; propaganda films shown at the cinema; no light for the last 2 years of occupation - no electricity, no oil for lighting, candles too expensive; anecdote about a farmer at Mont au Prêtre who escaped being caught with the carcass of a pig by hiding it under a sheet and saying it was the body of his dead mother; russian prisoners stealing from houses - one was run through with a pitchfork by a farmer named Le Gresley; brutal treatment of Russian prisoners; rationing, bread, butter, milk, other foods and shortages; livestock kept in houses to prevent theft; food traded on black market. 2) Narration by Captain Scott-Cole (?) regarding the Second World War and occupation. Includes: was a serving soldier, not in Jersey during the occupation; mother and sisters barely left the island in time; family silver was buried in the garden but it was never found again; house had been broken into and looted the day they left; honorary policeman stopped a man stealing a chest from the house and it was stored in the Parish Hall uintil the end of the war; house taken over by the Germans, used as a small regimental hospital; furntiture listed; the house was damaged after the Germans had left; animosity between islanders who had been in the occupation and those who had not; information on goods looted from the house, including a large number of brass and bronze hindu idols, some of which reappearred when the narrator's sister told neighbours that it was unlucky for anyone other than the owner to keep them. Poor sound quality. Recorded by Sue Scott Cole circa 1973, cassette copies made by the Jersey Heritage Trust in 1993. Duration 21 Minutes.

Reference: R/03/D/3

Date: 1941 - 1945

Episodes five and six of the Channel Islands Schools Radio Service series 'The German Occupation of the Channel Islands'. Episode five: Food Shortages. Includes: where our food comes from in peacetime, how sources of supply were cut off, having to feed the German garrison; owing to Royal Navy blockades, Germany was also experiencing food shortages; the Jersey and Guernsey governments appointed Agricultural Officers to investigate the food situation and ensure that the islands would not starve - R O Falla in Guernsey and J Joueaux [Jouault] in Jersey; they found that there was only three months food supply left; they received permission to go to France to buy food and other necesseties - Mr Falla recalls his many difficulties; both land and glasshouses were used, rationing was introduced and many strange recipes appeared e.g. parsnip cake, bramble tea; beaches were stripped bare and seawater was used to cook vegetables due to a lack of salt; there was a bartering system and a black market as well as many German regulations which could sometimes be bypassed; when it became clear that the Germans in the Channel Islands had been cut off from their comrades by the allied invasion of Europe the Red Cross was called on to help - the Red Cross ships arrived on December 27th 1944 with their life-saving parcels for the civilian population. First broadcast 11/02/1969. Produced by Jean Maiden and Neil Adams. Episode six: Deportations/The Years of 1942 and 1943. Includes: arrival of of foreign workers in Jersey in early 1942; description of their lives and how they existed on a ration of soup; because of their hunger and ill-treatment many escaped and were sheltered by islanders; Francis Le Sueur describes how he successfully sheltered a Russian for a while; story of a Jerseywoman who was caught sheltering a prisoner and sent to a concentration camp from which she never returned; deportation of English residents in 1942; the reason for this and a description of how the deportees felt is given by Mr Hepburn who was sent to Germany; account of the reaction of the people on shore as they waved goodbye to their friends; a lady tells how as a learner cyclist she had many laughs at the Germans' expense; most people kept a bicycle as it ws the only way of getting around; Francis Le Sueur tells us about a collision he had with a stranger. First broadcast on 25/02/1969. Written and produced by Stan Kemplin and Sheila Sibson. [Copyright: States of Jersey]

Reference: R/03/G/3

Date: February 11th 1969 - February 25th 1969

Episodes seven and eight of the Channel Islands Educational Broadcasting Service series 'Memories of the Occupation'. Episode seven includes: Organization Todt - building of the underground hospital and St Saviour's tunnel beind schedule, appaling treatment of Todt workers; Lily and family prepare for daughter Freda's engaement party; internment camp at Laufen - Sherwill and Hathaway arrive and are met by Frank Stroobant; funeral of men form cruiser HMS Charybdis and destroyer HMS Limbourne; the narrator talks about food and fuel shortages, fortifications, and the underground hospital. First broadcast 13/11/1980. Episode eight includes: the men responisble for the Guernsey Underground News Service (GUNS) are caught and sent to prison camps in Europe; Bert and a friend discuss whether the increased activity among the Germans is signalling an allied invasion; the narrator talks about the HMS Charybdis funeral, GUNS, D-Day, Hitler's obsession with the defence of the Channel Islands, the evacuation of Organization Todt workers and prisoners of war, the Germans considering evacuating islanders, a request to the British government to evacuate islanders or send food, and the British decision to send food via the International Red Cross; Lily talks about GUNS, hidden wireless sets, Freda's wedding arrangements, allied invasion, and severe food shortages. First broadcast 20/11/1980.

Reference: R/03/H/4

Date: November 13th 1980 - November 20th 1980

Alexander Coutanche interviewed about the German occupation. Side One: Rationing - 19th of April 1943, the Bailiff convened a meeting of the council regarding the field command's order to save flour equal to one month's consumption, and that rations be cut to achieve this. Reduction of rations in retaliation for allied attacks on shipping. This was contrary to international law - the council protested and a letter sent to the Swiss ambassador in Berlin, the German authorities eventually relented. Events after the departure of the Lieutenant Governor - the Bailiff took the oath of lieutenant governor, but omitted all reference to defence of the island as had already received orders to the contrary. Red Cross - the branch in Jersey packed up before the war, this allowed the Germans to say that Jersey had been inefficient in allowing it to close. Germans felt evacuees had insulted them by fleeing rather than greeting them with joy. There was a joint committee of the Red Cross and the Order of St John of Jerusalem, functioning as the Red Cross. Coutanche had been created a commander of the order. He was never allowed to talk alone to representatives of Red Cross, despite various attempts to do so. Application of the Hague convention - preparations against the war had been made but the possibility of occupation was never considered. First invoked the convention against the requisition of civil labour for military purpose. The Bailiff and Attorney-General's authority came from the crown. The Germans were happy for them to continue to govern in the name of the crown. Prayers continued to be said for the royal family. Side two: In 1945, there was a meeting of the council. The Platzkommandant asked the council to consider the possible repercussions of the recent events in Germany. Alexander Coutanche said many members of the German forces had lost everything they had and their feelings must also be taken into consideration. Admiral Doenitz had said Germany would consider the war against the USSR, but not against Britain or America. Locally, the civilian population could not believe any statement made by the committee was entirely free from German influence, and therefore: A) the civil government should be restored immediately B) all political prisoners should be released, C) radio reception should be restored and D) thanksgiving services should be arranged in all churches, and any other measures the council saw fit. The Platzkommandant said that he doubted this would be possible. Coutanche had complained to Captain von Kleve of the Platzkommand that Admiral Huffmeier had never come to Jersey and he never had the opportunity to speak to him. On Sunday may the 6th the admiral arrived, and late in the evening agreed to see him in his new HQ on mount Bingham - reads the council's minutes of may 7th 1945 of his interview with the admiral. There was concern of incidents between the civilians and troops. Coutanche told the admiral it would be fine if he could get a reassuring message to the population and the conditions above were agreed to. A and B agreed to, C considered, D impossible. SS Vega allowed to go from Guernsey to Cardiff to expedite supplies. A message was sent to the public to maintain their calm and dignity. Baron von Ausfess was a person with whom one could get on - was on good official, formal terms. Von Ausfess told Coutanche that his wife was suspect as being anti-nazi, that von Helldorf and he were also suspect, and Coutanche was also suspect for exercising undue influence upon the general and his staff. Von Helldorf's brother, chief of police in Berlin, had been hung. Change in officers after attempt on Hitler's life. Duration approx. 40 mins, poor sound quality with much microphone noise, speed 1 7/8 ips.

Reference: R/03/J/12

Three sound recordings: 1) Recording of Winston Churchill's VE Day speech, which was broadcast by the BBC and relayed over loudspeakers in the Royal Square. 2) Same, with noise of crowds. 3) Mrs Anne Perchard, née Billot, talks about her experiences of the German Occupation [read from notes?]. Was 7 years old at the start of the war. Father became seriously ill just before the war and didn't want to evacuate, seemed to make a complete recovery. Family background - Lived at La Ville Brée, near Rozel. Tom and Eunice Billot (mother and father) had 3 children, Anne, Ruth and Mary. Uncle Charlie (dad's brother) and aunt Lilly (mum's sister), had 3 children, Doris, Lily and Charles, and lived at Holmdale, St Martin. On the day the island was bombed the family were digging potatoes. Went to Silk's School, a private school near St Martin's Church - Mr Silk an old fashioned strict disciplinarian, taught the '3 Rs'. Moved to St Martin's Elementary School aged 9, near grandparents' home at La Chasse cottage. Grandfather was Connétable of St Martin at the time. La Chasse was mostly taken over by the Germans, as the English owners had evacuated. Father had continual relapses of illness. One day Anne, Ruth and 5 other schoolchildren were walking home to La Chasse for lunch, an SS soldier cycled past, got off his bike and clouted Ruth on the head - they never really found out why. Anne Billot and Pat Deslandes both got scholarships to Jersey College for Girls, CLJ Anthony was the head. Ladies' College taken over as a hospital, so the temporary building was where Victoria College Prep is now. Bikes were ridden - eventually they ended up with hosepipe or twisted rope tyres or sometimes bare wheels. It was a good education given the circumstances. Many staff had been retired but came back to fill the gaps left by evacuated teachers. Mrs Le Feuvre taught German (which was compulsory) she was very old and deaf - they had fun at her expense. Aged 11 Anne got scarlet fever and spent 5 weeks in isolation at Overdale Hospital. Remembers Slade's buses which were powered by charcoal burners on the back. After D-Day farmers were in better circumstances than town folk. Gives details of cooking methods and food eaten. Tripwires leading to a bell in the bedroom were installed when thefts of food became more common. One night a tripwire was cut and nearly all the rabbits were stolen. After that increased security was put in place. When nearby a gun emplacement fired, the whole house used to shake. Had piglets hidden away from the Germans, tripe was made from large intestines of a pig. Dad grew tobacco. Friends and relations in town bought all the food that farmers could spare - they were never overcharged. People came with handcarts to collect kindling, also went gleaning after the harvest. Memories of harvest time; Germans began requisitioning a percentage of cows as they became short of meat. Had 2 farm horses - Germans wanted to requisition horses for meat - one horse, Dolly, was Anne's favourite animal - she was very upset when Dolly was taken away. First encounter with women fraternizing with Germans at stables when they went to get new horses, hated them more than the Germans. Clothes - wore hand-me-downs from cousins, rabbit fur gloves, wooden clogs. Grandmother involved with the Friendship League - helped less well off people. Grandfather as Connétable had to make unpalatable choices when the requisition of bicycles and deportations were ordered, this made him some enemies. Father had rifle hidden - when Germans searched for firearms it was slung into the liquid manure system and rotted away. Social life revolved around parish church, Sunday school and choir, whist drives at the Royal Hotel to raise funds for church hall. Memories of Easter day festival. A neighbour, Mr Hick, sheltered an escaped Russian and often brought him to church - many people never knew until after the war. 1943 - 1944 a Whitsun festival of choirs was organised between All Saints Church and St Martin's Church. At Christmas the family went to Holmdale for dinner, followed by card games. Went back to Ville Brée for New Year. Archirondel was the only bay that could be visited which was not mined, with barbed wire. Story about a pony bolting from its trap. Rozel Rovers football club formed - dad was first president. D Day - could see the skies over France lit up red and orange, people wondered when liberation would come. Dad made Anne a transistor radio, she used to take down the news and took it to friends in town, remembers hearing Vera Lynn songs. Winter 1944, SS Vega arrived, memories of Red Cross parcels. [Break in recording] Auction which raised £1603 for the Red Cross in 1944. Liberation day - Dad had prepared flag pole and Union Jack hidden away in readiness. Old Dodge lorry had had the wheels taken off and hidden in the barn. Radio that family never knew dad had under the pantry was brought out to hear Churchill speak - children were always sent to bed at 8:30 so they wouldn't know about it. Liberation - most important moment in Anne's life, thoughts about the importance of freedom. 32 people piled into the Dodge lorry to see the liberating forces arrive. Joy as 'tommies' came and hopefulness for the future. Good sound quality throughout. Tape speed 7½ ips.

Reference: R/03/J/15

Date: 1941 - 1945

Occupation-BBC Radio Jersey tape. The story of the occupation of Jersey during World War 2 told by the people who lived through it produced by Beth Lloyd. 1) Part 13: The Todt Organisation and their Russian Slave Labourers. Eye witnesses talking about the background of the Organisation Todt, the arrival of the Russians on the island, the condition they were in, the brutality of their overseers, begging and stealing food, concentration camps, the Jersey Communist Party and other people giving shelter, food, clothes, false papers and english lessons with Mrs Metcalfe to escaped prisoners, the story of Louisa Gould, Harold Le Druillenec and Feodor Burrij and the experience of other residents who harboured escapees. 2) Part 14: Entertainment. Eye witnesses talking about the difficulties of the first show during the occupation put on by the Jersey Amateur Dramatics Club, cinemas and the films that were shown, variety entertainment at the Opera House, West's Cinema and out in the parishes, finding musicians, public dances, the Amateur Variety Band, the Green Room Club productions including pantomimes, easter productions and shows, improvisations with costumes and scenery and censorship of the shows. 3) Part 15: We Are At War. Eye witness accounts of feelings of isolation, seeing and hearing British and German aeroplanes, feeling and seeing bombing raids on the coast of France, leaflet raids, members of the royal air force being taken as prisoners of war, commando raid on Egypt, sabotage, the v sign campaign, resistance and reprisals, youth groups against the Germans, the British Patriots group and Norman Le Brocq and Leslie Huelin working with the Free Germany Movement represented by Paul Muelbach calling for a mutiny in the garrison. 4) Occupation Part 16: Escapes produced by Beth Lloyd made up of interviews of local people who were in Jersey during the Occupation. Subjects discussed include the escape of Denis Vibert to England in September 1941, tales of different escapes to France by islanders recounted by Eddie Le Corre, Basil Le Brun, Peter Crill, John Floyd, Roy Mourant and their subsequent experiences of interrogations by the Home Forces and arrival in England. 5) Part 17: D-Day and the Last Terrible Year. Eye witnesses talking about the realisation that D-Day was taking place, aeroplanes going over the island, lack of fuel and food supplies, health in island worsening, Red Cross parcels, the arrival and unloading of the SS Vega, starvation of German soldiers and waiting for liberation. 6) Part 18: Liberation. Eye witnesses including the bailiff talking about the change in the high command of the german administration and listening to Winston Churchill's speech, release of political prisoners, celebrations, surrender of Germans and arrival of royal navy officers.

Reference: R/06/4

Jersey Evening Post article : The Red Cross Ship, SS Vega, delivered desperately needed food to the Channel Islands

Reference: US/1383

Date: May 9th 2016

JEP Newscutting - Article by Rob Shipley about how Islanders coped during the last winter of the German Occupation when times were harsh and commodities in short supply - 24/12/2009

Reference: US/649

Date: 2009 - 2009

Jersey Evening Post newspaper article : The launching of the DVD, 'The Channel Islands at War', written and presented by John Nettles

Reference: US/785

Date: November 18th 2010 - 2010

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