Sound recording of Maureen Crago speaking about the Occupation and the years after. She was interviewed on 08/10/2004 by Stuart Nicolle for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mrs Crago speaks about her life during the occupation icluding the rationing and rules imposed by the German Soldiers, her father rebelling by growing tobacco along with growing their own food, rationing, clothes and the Russian Prisoners of War. She then goes on to recount her fathers interregation in 1944 due to providing an outboard motor to people seeking to flee the island and how he avoided prison. Mrs Crago also speaks oft her memories of the liberation along with her life post war which includes her education, entertainment such as the West Park Pivillion, the cinema, the beach,The Battle of Flowers and the International Road Race. She also recounts the rise of tourism following the liberation and later on the increase in the islands finance sector which includes her career in banking whilst also recounting the visist from General Montgomery along with the death of King George IV and the coronation of Elizabeth II.

Reference: C/D/P/P1/20

Date: October 8th 2004

Sound recording of John Day speaking about the Occupation and the years after. He was interviewed on 18/02/2004 by Stuart Nicolle for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mr Day speaks about his families decision to leave the island following the occupation after which he lived in southampton. He recounts memories of the war including D Day, bombings, gas masks being issued, rationing along with his fathers job of building spitfires. He also describes his feelings on V E day along with hearing about Jerseys liberation and his families return to the islands following this. This involves recounting his emotions upon his return and how the island had changed in his absence. Mr Day's memories post war include fuel rationing along with his fathers employment and his education which included travelling back and forth between Southampton and Jersey, which was his first experince of flying. He describes his manufacturing of cans with his father who specialised in metalwork, following school which was used for the Dairy Indutsry. He describes the industry in deatil as it was in Jersey and how it has changed and describes the various dairies which existed in the island at that time. Similarly, he recounts how his buisness was impacted following the introduction of bottles and how he and his father had to adapt to this which involved working in hardware repair, coach building along with maintenance and repair of cars and motorcycles. His memories post war include his marriage, property and his memories of what St Helier was like at the time. Morover, Mr Day describes the International Road Race, the first of which took place in 1947 along with the Bouley Bay hill climb and the making of his own cars used for racing. He concludes with his memories of the coronation of Queen Elzabeth II.

Reference: C/D/P/P1/21

Date: February 18th 2004

Sound recording of Basil de Carteret speaking about the Occupation and the years after. He was interviewed on 08/11/2004 by Stuart Nicolle for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mr De Carteret speaks about his arival in Jersey following his evacuation from France. He then goes on to desrcibe the occupation of Jersey which involved any service personal having to register their names at the town hall. This resulted in his deportation from the island to a prisoner of war camp in Cherbourg, France for 6 months before being transported to Germany. He then recounts his memories of being liberated by the United States returning to England, V E day and discovering the liberation of Jersey upon his release which he then returned to after which he was responsible for supervising German Prisoners and the removal of various weapons such as mines which had been installed during the occupation. Mr Carteret describes the mood of the Jersey people after the liberation along with describing the continuation of rationing, his marriage and subsequent employment. Moreover, he describes travelling to Switzerland by car and eventually purchasing a property in Green Street in Jersey using a States Loan which had been newly introduced at the time. He continues by recounting the Battle of flowers returning in 1951 for the first time after the and being based at the avenue for the first time along with the International Road Race. He also describes what he did for entertainment post war which include The Forum Cinema, West Park Pavillion and the various holiday parks and cabaret acts.

Reference: C/D/P/P1/22

Date: November 8th 2004

Sound recording of Edward de Gruchy speaking about the Occupation and the years after. He was interviewed on 25/02/2005 by Stuart Nicolle for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mr De Gruchy speaks about watching the Allied troops ariving in Jersey on liberation day which he describes as "the greatest day of our lives" when recounting the islanders feelings and sense of freedom following the liberation. He describes his working life in agriculture in which he looked after cattle and grew various crops and describes how island life was affected and how long it took to return to normal following the end of the war.This included the exporting and importing of goods. He also remebers the process of growing the crops and how this was eventually mechanised along with cattle shows returning post war such as the one in Trinity where he recounts winning a prize. With regards to his spare time Mr De Gruchy descibes his involvement with the church, youth work and hosting guests at his home. Morover, he describes becoming a local preacher in 1944 for which he worked until 1990 in which he recounts various events that were organised for the Methodist Church. Moreover, he describes Trinity post war along with various commuity events that took place in the parish. As a farmer he remebers examples of Foot and Mouth disease and the impact this had on agriculture as well as the colorado beetles. He then recounts the formation of the Jersey Milk Marketing Board which impacted his work and also talks about tourismin Jersey post war. Similarly, he describes various holidays both to Guernsey and to England following the war along with the return of The Battle of Flowers.He also recounts his memories of the International Road Race and various visits from the Royal Family one of which involved him being presented by Prince Charles at the 50th Anniversary of the Liberation. Mr De Gruchy goes on to describe his memories of the death of King George VI of whom he had attended his corronation. Similarly he concludes by remebering the corronation in 1953 for Elizabeth II.

Reference: C/D/P/P1/24

Date: February 25th 2005

Sound recording of Eileen De Mouilpied speaking about the Occupation and the years after. She interviewed on 20/05/2005 by Stuart Nicolle for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mrs De Mouilpied speaks about [waiting for digital recording and transcription].

Reference: C/D/P/P1/25

Date: May 20th 2005

Sound recording of Madeleine Dupré speaking about the Occupation and the years after. She was interviewed on 23/03/2005 by Stuart Nicolle for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mrs Dupré speaks about her memories of Liberation day when she was 30 years old where she recounts hearing Winston Churchills speach which was played at the Royal Square. Post war she describes the shortage of leather being imported to the islands which impacted her husbands business who was a shoe maker. This relates also to rationing and lack of imports to the islands which she describes also. Mrs Dupré recounts memories of the church post war with various social events that took place there such as plays for which her husband was involved in producing. Furthermore, she talks about the dairy industry in which milk was still delivered and how this differs from today. She describes the Battle of Flowers at Springfield before the war and how this changed in 1951 to take place at the avenue which she rememebers attending later on. Moreover, she recounts raising her children post war and also watching the International road race along with the controversy of social security being introduced at the time. Morover, she talks about the increase in tourism that the island experienced and hearing about the death of George VI and the subsequent crronation of Queen Elizabeth II and the visit from Field Marshall Montgomery.

Reference: C/D/P/P1/27

Date: March 23rd 2005

Sound recording of Mavis England speaking about the Occupation and the years after. She was interviewed on 01/10/2004 by Marleen Hacquoil for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mrs England speaks about the end of the occupation when she was 26 years old. She recounts the memory of the liberation which she watched from the Royal Square where she describes the soldiers throwing various things to the public watching. During the war she speaks about knitting items of clothing such as gloves for people and shares an anecdote of giving a pair to the postman. She did not ask for payment but was often giving things such as milk which relates to her talking about the lack of food available due to rationing (which continued after the war) but also the poor quality of the food they had such as the bread. Moreover, she then describes the Red Cross food parcels and shares memories of the international road race which includes the death of some of the spectators due to an accident at Bel Royal. Furthermore, she remebers the death of King George VI and the subsequent coronation of Queen Elizabath I. She also shares a story of a friend who had hidden a radio during the occupation and recounts hearing the famous speech by Winston Churchill in which he said "our dear Channel Islands are also to be freed to-day." She continues by describing the difficulties following the war despite the liberation in which rationing was still present,the reliance on doing own farming and then talks about her wedding in 1952. She concludes by talking about the introduction of the old age pension and the demonstrations that take place by some in opposition to this.

Reference: C/D/P/P1/28

Date: October 1st 2004

Sound recording of Janet Ferbrache speaking about the Occupation and the years after. She was interviewed on 07/10/2004 by Stuart Nicolle for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mrs Ferbrache speaks about leaving Jersey with her family in 1940 during the occupation where they moved to Coventary where she experieinced the Blitz after which they moved to Denbighy in North Wales for the remainder of the war. After the war ended she recounts returing to Jersey following its liberation on the "Arch Angel" ship after which her father openied Bel Royal Motors. Morover, she recounts her parents longing to return to Jersey and celebrating V E day whilst in North Wales. Once in Jersey she remembers reuniting with the rest of her family who had stayed in Jersey and describes her and her families feelings following the liberation. She recounts returning to her home which had been torn apart by Germans who had used it as a canteen among other uses after which she lived with her Grandparents whilst it were repaired. Moroever, she talks about her education and returning to school following the occupation where she attended JCG. Mrs Ferbrache talks also about how the rationing continued following the war and spoke about the Red Cross boxes. With regards to entertainment she describes her love of drama and performing in various plays and singing in the choir whilst also talking about visiting the West Park Pavillion and The Forum Cinema. Moreover, she describes attending the first Battle of Flowers following the war which she was involved in and the International Road Race. With regards to agriculture she remembers it increasing following her return to the island and remebers being involved with the harvesting of tomatoes. She also discussed looking on the beaches for Colorado Beetles and visiting the remains of the fortifications left behind by the Germans such as the bunkers. She concludes by remembering being told of Kind George VI death whilst at school.

Reference: C/D/P/P1/29

Date: October 7th 2004

Sound recording of Ivy Ferey, née La Rondu, speaking about the Occupation and the years after. She was interviewed on 11/03/2005 by Stuart Nicolle for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mrs Ferey speaks about seeing the soldiers on Liberation day, the crowds at La Pomme d'Or, the Jerrybags being punished, growing crops for the Germans troups, food supply from France, helping people who didn't have food, the Red Cross Parcels, the curfew, working for Deputy Pallot at Bel Royal, the clean up, exploring the bunkers, the rationing after Liberation, meeting her husband, the wedding preparation and reception, the ration books, their honeymoon in Guernsey, working on different farms, the community spirit, the shops, the tourism increase, the Battle of flowers, the tomatoes industry, the Royal visit, the International Road Race, the foot and mouth disease, the colorado beetle, the coronation, horse racing, cattle show, Jèrriais, cars, the Welsh and Bretons farms workers, the Social Security Law and the changes in the states policies after the war.

Reference: C/D/P/P1/30

Date: March 11th 2005

Sound recording of Jill Gould, née O’Neil, speaking about the Occupation and the years after. She was interviewed on 07/02/2005 by Stuart Nicolle for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mrs Gould speaks about the liberation of the island in which she was 11 years old. She recalls going into town to listen to Churchills speech and the following day witnessing the arrival of the troops and also celebrating outside of the Pomme d'or Hotel. Moreover, she goes on to discuss her eductaion at JSG and recounts changes to the school before and after the war in which the Germans had used it as a hospital. Her father run his own shop which specialised in sports goods as well as being a taboconist with Mrs Gould also reflecting on her interest in sport with memories of watching the Murrati, snooker finals and also participating in sport in which she remembers going to Guernsey following the war to play Hockey. She goes on to talk about training to become a teacher in London following her complettion of school in Jersey in1951 and it was in London where she heard of the death of King George VI. She also recounts witnessing Queen Elizabeth II coronation in which she also discusses hearing the news that Sir Edmund Hilary had reached the summit of Mount Everest. Furthermore, she discussing how the town has changed along with what she would do for entertainment post war which included attending a youth club, participating in drama, guides, sport and attending dances.

Reference: C/D/P/P1/31

Date: February 7th 2005

Sound recording of Michel Gould speaking about the Occupation and the years after. He was interviewed on 07/02/2005 by Stuart Nicolle for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mr Gould speaks about the troups landing in town, cycling from Grouville, the school shutting down, the children looting, exploring the fortifications, the mines removal, getting the golf course back in shape, his father’s job as a manager at Boots, the coming of fresh products, the rationing after the Liberation, his time at Victoria College during the Occupation and the teachers, one of his teacher participating in the Olympics, being a part of the guard of honors during the Montgomery visit, going to work as a lawyer at Hillstreet, learning at distance, passing the bat, participating in a French exchange, helping out on farms during the Occupation, the weighbridge, tourism, traveling by cars, motocycles and bicycles, the Battle of Flowers, the Boots on Queen Roads, shops, watching the coronation on television, traveling to Southampton to see his family, the lawyers on royal courts and the day he was sworn in.

Reference: C/D/P/P1/32

Date: February 7th 2005

Sound recording of Maurice Edward Green speaking about the Occupation and the years after. He was interviewed on 03/06/2005 by Stuart Nicolle for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mr Green speaks about [waiting for digital recording and transcription].

Reference: C/D/P/P1/33

Date: June 3rd 2005

Sound recording of Robin Hacquoil speaking about the Occupation and the years after. He was interviewed on 16/10/2004 by Marleen Hacquoil for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mr Hacquoil speaks about the liberation and post liberation events. He begins by talking about remebering the occupation begining when he was a boy at St Peters Primary School. When the war ended he joined Victoria college and states describes his memories about the end of the war, the reaction of the German soldiers in Jersey and awaiting liberation day. He also speaks about the German soldiers remaining for a time in Jersey to remove some of the fortifications and the failed attempt to initially try and remove the underground fortifications. He mentions the removal of the railway lines installed by the Germans and various weapons that were removed also. Morover, he talks about scavanging for various mementos of the war at locations such as the airport where he recounts a story of a detnoator being set off which led to the closure of the airport to the public at that time. The post year wars are described as being particularly difficult which was heightened considering the winter of 1947 which Mr Hacquoil describes as having the heaviest snow fall he has experieinced. He then goes on to recount the Battle of Flowers returning in 1947 where he describes how it differs from todays event. Similarly he remembers the International Road Races and the tragedy of the several deaths that took place during one particular year. He then goes on to recount the 1949 outbreak of polio and the scare that this generated on the island. Mr Hacquoil also talks about the introduction of social security and the controversy that this generated from certain members of the public. Returning to his memories of the occupation itself he recounts the rationing, being cut off from supplies from france following the D day Landings and then post war talks about recieving Red Cross parcels. He also recounts memories of " The Welsh Girls" and the picking of tomatoes whilst also comparing this help with previous labour forces he had experienced coming to Jersey.

Reference: C/D/P/P1/35

Date: October 16th 2004

Sound recording of Michael Halliwell speaking about the Occupation and the years after. He was interviewed on 21/01/2005 by Stuart Nicolle for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mr Halliwell speaks about his memories of Liberation day and V E day. He was at boarding school when he recounts hearing Winston Churchills speach over the radio which is when he became aware that the island was soon to be liberated. Moreover, he discusses reuniting with his father who hadn't seen in 5 years who had remained in Jersey as a surgeon following his evacuation from the island. Returning to discussing the start of the occupation Mr Halliwell remembers being evacuated from Jersey to go and live with his grandparents in England with his mother which is where he attended boarding school in Oxford. He recounts experiencing bombings and later attending university (which was later after the liberation) where he transfered to Germany for his studies. He describes post war Germany and describes how the impact of the war had devastated the country and its people. He recounts his travel back to Jersey from England and upon returning to Jersey he remembers "looting" for memorabilia. He recounts his fathers responsibilities in Jersey and also talks about his fathers helping of a Russian prisoner of war who he allowed to stay at his home whilst also discussing how the population of Jersey reacted to the occupation including after the liberation. He went on to discuss "building a new Europe" and the responsibility the people of both Jersey and England felt with chosing to look forward. He discusses his career working for the Church of England along with experiences teaching and working in Germany for a period where he discusses "the rebirth of Germany". Moroever, he discusses the increase in tourism in Jersey post war and how it changed following his return. He discusses the International Road Race and The Battle of Flowers along with memories of Battle of Britain events, The death of King George VI, the Coronation and the Silver Jubilee.

Reference: C/D/P/P1/36

Date: January 21st 2005

Sound recording of Bob Hambly speaking about the Occupation and the years after. He was interviewed on 7/10/2004 by Stuart Nicolle for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mr Hambly speaks about the weeks leading up to the Liberation, unearthing his radio from beneath tobacco plants, school during the occupation, receiving the Red Cross parcels, the German's construction of a railway line, he describes the celebration on liberation day, going back to school after a few days off, the rationing, shopping after liberation, the clothes and shoes shortages, playing football and cricket, matches at the F.B. Fields, describes buildings that changed vocation during the occupation, the clean up of the beaches, the new shops opening, going to The Beaches on bicycles, cars used more frequently, the royal visit, the battle of the flowers, the increase in tourism, the international Road Race, the cinemas after the occupation, St Clements Parish Hall and St Clements Church, gypsies camping in St Clement after the war, radios, the Murratti cup, going on a school trip to Glasgow and the coronation.

Reference: C/D/P/P1/37

Date: October 7th 2004

Sound recording of Charles Hamon speaking about the Occupation and the years after. He was interviewed on 27/05/2005 by Stuart Nicolle for the Liberation to Coronation Oral History Project. Mr Hamon speaks about [waiting for transcription].

Reference: C/D/P/P1/38

Date: May 27th 2005

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