War Crimes

Reference: B/A/L33

Documents relating to the war crimes trials of Colonel Oberst Knackfuss and General Muller, includes; papers relating to bread rationing and the requisition of potatoes, personal letters from deported Channel Islanders, and statements of A M Coutanche, Bailiff

Reference: B/A/L33/1

Date: July 29th 1943 - December 13th 1945

Documents relating to the Jersey Loyalists petition against collaboration, includes a copy of the petition

Reference: B/A/L33/2

Date: June 21st 1945 - February 12th 1946

Research papers of Robin Cox into the German Occupation of the Channel Islands, includes; notes written by Robin Cox, original German documents, photocopied pictures of German Soldiers, documents about War Crimes in the Channel Islands, documents related to the murder of Miss M.O. Waddell, newspaper articles about war crimes, newspaper articles about escape attempts during the occupation, copies of letters from the Attorney General of 1944, letters from the Channel Islands Occupation Society, copy of a foreword by A.G. Harrison from a Diary of the Occupation of the Jersey, newspaper articles on Mauve Ten Shillings, photocopies of books on the history of Jersey Currency, copy of identity card and registration form of Gloria Love. a copy of the obituary of Reginald Mourant, newspaper articles on Anthony Faramus, copy of a table showing the weekly bread rations in relation to the population from August 1941, copies of newspapers from the occupation, copies of advertisements for labourers, copy of the identity card and registration form of William Wardon Lyons, copy of the Identity card of Walter Charles Horman, copy of the identiy card and registration form of Daniel Thomas O'Sullivan, copy of Auf Den Kanalinsein, a postcard for Robin Cox, original records listing the names of German Soldiers burried at St Brelade's Cemetery, copies of German death announcements, letter from the Constable of St Helier February 1942 concerning Strangers' Cemetery, German burial announcements

Reference: L/C/152/2

Date: 1940 - 1945

Miscellaneous cuttings from the Evening Post and other newspapers and magazines regarding the German Occupation of the Channel Islands including articles on the Forum, the Palace Hotel, personal stories, war crimes, Liberation Day supplement from 1985, 40 year celebration of D-Day, a Chronique de Jersey, articles on the Channel Islands Occupation Society, German mine sweeping gear, the Military Advisor publication, militia, the Post Office, notes on HMS Charybdis and HMS Limbourne, various weapons used in Jersey and the occupation memoirs of Edward Le Quesne.

Reference: L/D/25/B1/31

Date: July 19th 1942 - May 1st 1995

Talk by Dr Hill, a British prisoner of war during the second world war in Germany and a translator for the Nuremberg Trials, to the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Talks about his background in languages, his experience as a prisoner of war, being examined by the intelligence corps to see how good his languages were, being sent to the British War Crimes Executive in Paris, in Paris was promoted and charged with going around Germany looking for documents to indict war criminals, starting in Hamburg, sending reports on the documents that were found, being sent to Nuremberg for the trials, living with the Germans, being asked to set up a translating and interpreting department to liaise with all the delegations, preparing for the trials, security in the courthouse, description of his team and the jobs they had to undertake, the skill of translating, going to the court room and describing the lay out of the court along with the procedures and translation, the treatment of defendants, the importance and difficulty of interpreting, social life in Nuremberg, jobs he undertook and the understanding of Nazi jargon, different countries opinions on the trials, the difficulties of the trial and books written about the trials. Questions about the books he just mentioned, how long the trials lasted, the verdicts reached, contact with and impressions of the war criminals, instigators of the war trials, defense strategies, views on pre-war Germany, personal views on trials, the problems of translation, choosing of the defense counsel, Japanese war criminals, the Dutch system, the Russians reactions, length the prosecution went to charge people, treatment of prisoners by the Russians, treatment of prisoners of war, difficulty in not being bias in translation, availability of the trials in hard copy, mention of the Channel Islands in the trials, feelings today about Germans and Japanese, making of sound recordings, showings of film in trial and the showing of remorse and who made the final judgement, .

Reference: L/D/25/L/25

Date: December 4th 1978 - December 4th 1978

Talk by Bob Le Sueur to the Channel Islands Occupation Society entitled 'Foreign Workers of the Organisation Todt'. Introduction by the CIOS President with notices. Talks about his friendship with a number of Spanish and Russian foreign workers. the lack of facts in official records and distortions post liberation, the need to look at the occupation objectively, how the Russians were treated as slaves but other national groups although forced were paid, how the spaniards came to be in Jersey after the Spanish Civil War, the relatively high wages that they received which led to inflation of prices on the black market, the worth of reichsmarks, the currency used in Jersey during the occupation, Spaniards having suits made for them, where the Spaniards worked in St Brelade and their camps on either side of Route Orange, Mr Le Sueur socialising with the spanish labourers, Spanish men who lived in Longfield Avenue in St Brelade, going to Brown's Café with the Spaniards, the rations received by the Russians, tells the story of a Ukrainian who became an adopted Spaniard in France and from then on moved around with them, the description of the arrival of the Russian slave labours, tells the story of a Russian he got to know and his journey to Jersey, the camp at the bottom of Jubilee Hill, the story of Feodor Burrij he was punished after attempting to escape and was then successful and lived out the occupation being sheltered by various locals such as Louisa Gould, who was deported for it, and a flat in town, Nazi racist policy, the brutality of the Soviet regime and Stalin's directive that no Russian should be taken as a POW, the deaths of the Russian labourers in Jersey, the account of Peter Bokatenko, a Russian POW who after liberation told of Russian's being killed and buried by the roadside, interrogations ater the war by Major Hargreaves and a colleague at the British Hotel and the fact that the slave labourers talked of murder but were unable to offer evidence of this relying on hearsay, Russian POWs after the occupation and the reaction at home, what happened to them after the occupation and the experience of a particular Russian POW. Questions asked on the attempts by the OT to find their escaped prisoners, the story of Mr and Mrs Woodhall who sheltered two russians in a flat above the soldatenheim at the Mayfair Hotel for 18 months and what happened to Feodor Burrij. Michael Ginns talks about the condition of Russians and how Bob Le Sueur was given an award by the Russians for his bravery.

Reference: L/D/25/L/39

Date: October 13th 1993 - October 13th 1993

Recording from the BBC 1 South West TV broadcast entitled 'The Lonely War' with Bruce Parker, a former Guernsey resident, looking back at the occupation of the Channel Islands with people who experienced it. 1) Part 1: Battleships of Iron and Steel. Introduction to the islands, the reason that they were invaded and the realisation that they were defenceless. Subjects discussed include the decision to demilitarise the islands, the dilemma whether to be evacuated or not, the fact that the boat to Sark did not arrive, the evacuation of Alderney and Daphne Pope's decision to stay, the air raid on the harbours and the arrival of the Germans, newspapers printing german orders, the first impression of german soldiers, the situation in Sark as recounted by Dame Sybil Hathaway, restrictions being introduced, Raymond Falla, the President of the Agriculture Department and a member of the Controlling Committee telling of the job of the government in Guernsey, the experience of Frank Falla, a journalist on the Guernsey Star newspaper, resistance in the islands, the relationship with the german soldiers, Jerry Bags, the sending of Hubert Nicolle to Guernsey on an intelligence gathering raid and later raids, the execution of Francois Scornet, escapes from the islands, trying to get supplies, entertainments the confiscation of radios and the secret listening to the BBC and disseminating information, the sinking of HMS Charybdis and HMS Limbourne prompting thousands to go to the funerals, the deportations and the internment camps, the terrible conditions of workers brought in by the Organisation Todt, the arrival of the D-Day and the expected liberation which took a year to actually occur. 2) Part 2: Our Dear Channel Islands. From 1944 the increase of hardship as a result of being cut off from mainland Europe as well as Britain. Subjects discussed include Alderney and the exoeriences of Gordon Prigent, a Jerseyman who had been sent to work on the island and Daphne Pope, who stayed on the island, their relationships with the Germans, the conditions in the Organisation Todt camps in Alderney, the death of Daphne Pope's 2 year old son, Gordon Prigent being caught listening to the BBC, being put in the concentration camp and having to cope with the conditions, a report on HMS Rodney's attack on Alderney, Pope making friends with German soldiers and the question of collaboration, the difficulty of rationing and having to improvise for food and fuel, worsening health of old people as witnessed by Pearl Regan, the running out of medication and the onset of famine and disease, red cross messages, red cross parcels arriving with the SS Vega, Harold Le Druillenec's memories of deportation and liberation at Belsen camp, the celebration of liberation on the islands, an extract of Churchill's speech, a contemporary report by the BBC on the surrender of the German forces, Rex Ferbrache, a Guernseyman, being welcomed home, the disarming of German troops and being shipped out as POWs, investigations into the events in Alderney during the occupation and punishment, collaboration, the royal visit, rehabilitation and the effect occupation had on islanders.

Reference: L/D/25/L/40

Date: June 27th 1980 - July 4th 1980

Original audio cassette recording - see file description.

Reference: L/D/25/L/40/1

Date: June 27th 1980 - July 4th 1980

[Copy from the National Archive - Not to be reproduced.] British government documents related to the investigation of the deportations of British subjects from the Channel Islands in September 1942, and the prosecution of the responsible German officers for War Crimes. This was lodged with the United Nations War Crimes Commission as case UK G/B 19. The file includes a statement of charges against Colonel Knackfuss and unnamed other German officers, and letters from island deportees used in evidence.. The file also includes: Affidavit of Charles Roche, of Jersey Affidavit of Lt. Colonel Frederick Brousson, RA, retd., of Guernsey, [National Archive - reference TS 26/197]

Reference: L/F/437/A9/1

Date: April 21st 1944 - May 31st 1945

[Copy from the National Archive - Not to be reproduced.] British government documents related to the investigation of the torture of Sergeant Alfred William Howlett of the Guernsey States Island Police Force, and his wife Annie Howlett, by Sgt. Major Osser of the German Armed Forces in March 1942. This was lodged with the United Nations War Crimes Commission as case UK G/B 175 Howlett was accused of stealing German stores and burying them in his garden. After the interrogation (and torture), he confessed, and was sentenced to two years imprisonment which he served in Karlsruhe, Bernau, Lansberg, Stutttgart and Munich. He returned to Guernsey in January 1944 after Colonel Knackfuss had remitted three months of his sentence. He was also sentenced to nine months imprisonment by the Guernsey Sates Civil Court. The file includes a statement of charges against Colonel Knackfuss and unnamed other German officers, and letters from island deportees used in evidence.. The file also includes an affidavit by Sergeant Alfred William Howlett against the accused German soldier. [National Archive - reference TS 26/353]

Reference: L/F/437/A9/3

Date: July 16th 1945 - July 16th 1945

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