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The Samedi Court is the general business court in the island and covers a wide range of matters. These include bankruptcy records, naturalisations, deed polls, licensing and professional registrations. There has never been an Admiralty court in Jersey but the Cour du Samedi would sit in such cases if needed.
Cours d'Héritage. The Cours d’Héritage records date from 1505. The Court dealt with cases relating to title to real property, the ownership immoveable property and its division on intestacy, the annulment of hereditary contracts and boundary disputes. Originally held three times a year the court was reduced to two sittings in 1771 and to one in the 1980s. The Court still sits largely for ceremonial purposes.
Cours du Cattel. One of the divisions of the Royal Court in which the Bailiff sat with three jurats it dealt with criminals and was also the court of appeal from the seigneural courts. The court was abolished in 1862. Prior to 1797 criminal cases were also heard in the Cour du Samedi [D/Y/F1]. Post 1797 criminal cases were heard in the newly created Poursuite Criminelles [D/Y/G1].
Poursuites criminelles. The Poursuite Criminelles volumes cover criminal cases tried before the Royal Court from 1797 onwards. The volumes also include details of inquests from c.1806 onwards. These volumes are closed for 100 years so permission is required to view more recent volumes.
Magistrates Court. The Magistrates Court consisting of the Causes Civiles and Causes Criminelles is concerned with civil and criminal matters of a less serious nature dating from 1854 and have a closure period of 100 years. The Magistrates Court is also responsible for the Youth and Petty Debts Courts. Petty Debts records begin in 1968 and previous records of this nature can be found in the Cour du Billet which ran from 1646 – 1964.
Public Registry. Registration of all transactions of immovable property such as land and houses began in 1602. Transactions or contracts from c.1800 onwards can be searched through the PRIDE database available at Jersey Archive. Contracts from 1602 - 1800 are available on microfilm.