Sound Archive

Reference: L/D/25/L

Mrs M Bird, Past Vice-President of the Channel Islands Occupation Society (Guernsey) and Ex President of the Woman's Institute delivering a speech entitled 'Life on the Domestic Front and Life in General during the Occupation' delivered to the Channel Islands Occupation Society (Jersey) and the Channel Islands Family History Society. Kept diaries during occupation which the talk is mainly based upon. Was a housewife and so had to cope with life at home. Talk includes references concerning demilitarisation and evacuation, dilemma of whether to go or stay with mixed messages given by the States, decided against going although her mother went splitting the family up, air raid, landing of Germans and her first impressions, the running of the island, agriculture in the island, buying of food in France, attempt to live normally, gradual worsening of conditions, church arrangements, beaches, cinemas, entertainment during the occupation-keeping up morale, transport-bicycles, buses, hospitals, schools-german lessons, deportation of Guernsey residents to the internment camps, press-censorship, proliferation of rumours, wirelesses and crystal sets, GUNS-Guernsey Underground News Sheet, Red Cross messages, dropping of leaflets, food, cooking and clothing, 'a housewife's nightmare'-rationing, bartering economy, improvisation of ingredients for recipes, methods of cooking, fuel and the difficulty of rationing, food-details of level of rationing with different foods, extracts from diary on the dishes she made, treatment by german soldiers, desperation near the end-eating of pets by germans, D-Day-tightening up of everything, arrival of SS Vega and the Red Cross parcels, stealing on the increase, Organisation Todt camp nearby, liberation day, reintroduction of mail service and the feelings of thankfulness at the close of occupation.

Reference: L/D/25/L/4

Dr A C Bishop talking about Dr Klüpfel, the german geologist who was conscripted to Jersey in August 1941, to the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Klüpfel studied the geology of the island druring the occupation and assited the German forces in the siting and building of tunnels and strongpoints.His notebooks were discovered in the 1970s and much information were gained from theseat the Institute of Geological Sciences. Dr Klüpfel wrote predominately geology in notebooks but also scraps of military information. He was billeted in room 80 at the Grand Hotel. A number of different topics in the islands were investigated by him. Sand and gravel were needed for concrete and he made a surveys of beaches of the island to estimate how much sand and gravel could be taken. Coastal studies included most of beaches of the island and record very accurately the composition and size of gravel. Klüpfel visited most of the quarries in the island and wrote about the potential of each. He suggested possible sites for the Organisation Todt camps in the North of Island and investigated whether enough water would be available to house the OT workers. Early 42 first mention of the power station at Tesson Mill-needs discussed by Dr Klüpfel. Studied tunnels in the island.Especially involved in those of St Peter's Valley, Mushroom Tunnel, German Underground Hospital, Grands Vaux and St Aubin's tunnels. Lists firms involved in drilling in Channel Islands. Wrote reports on tunnels. Military installations sited according to military and not geological thoughts (bad quality of recording). Need for water at strongpoints and Klüpfel looked at the needs for different sites. Drainage problems of camps and strongpoints. 23rd April 1944 last dated entry. Unknown when he left the island. Next heard of in 1946 in post war correspondence. Bishop states he had a big affect on defences in Channel Islands. Questions and answers at close of speech.

Reference: L/D/25/L/5

Date: September 21st 1978 - September 21st 1978

Patrick Bouchere talks about his newspaper collection, which he started collecting in 1975, to the Channel Islands Occupation Society. He mentions Items of interest within the collection and a summary of what was in the Evening Posts for 5 years. Talks of the condition of his newspapers and storage that they were kept within. Deterioration led to photocopies being made. Praise for Evening Posts, continuing to publish throughout almost the entire occupation. Going through years and picking out amusing, upsetting and interesting stories. These include that of Ellen Baker who collected 3000 cigarettes for HMS Jersey in 1939, story of people in internment camps including brother in law Michael Ginns, propaganda during the occupation through the Evening Post. Fires at Maison Charles, Bel Royal and St Ouen's Manor that the Germans helped to extinguish, burial of air force personnel during the occupation, signing of german orders, Graf von Schmettow, dwindling of number of pages in Evening Posts as a result of a lack of paper, weeklys returned soon after occupation, German orders, size of newspapers, exchange and mart columns. Talks of the changes in Jersey and lists names of companies that hadn't changed since the occupation, preparations for war, bombing by the Germans in Channel Islands, raising of income tax, closure of shops to take stock, price fixing by States, new pictorial stamps in Jersey for the first time, selling of salt and hot water in 1944, Granville Raid by the German soldiers from Jersey, events at the liberation, return of Francois Scornet's body to France, Red Cross Letters. Questions about collection of electric fires, cuttings of newspapers, printing of newspapers, collection of salt water, funerals, collectors of Evening Posts

Reference: L/D/25/L/6

Channel Islands Occupation Society AGM 1982. Introduction to meeting. Ceremony in which Jersey Heritage Trust Chairman Brigadier Lempriere Robin discusses the creation of the Trust, its aims and objectives and wishes to encourage the Channel Islands Occupation Society in continuing their work by offering a cheque for £2,400 for assisting in the continuation of the work. Thanks from Channel Islands Occupation Society President for money-going towards furthering learning publications.

Reference: L/D/25/L/8

Date: February 10th 1982 - February 10th 1982

2 copies of 'Deported' a BBC Radio Jersey programme to mark the 50th anniversary of the deportation of Channel Islanders presented by Beth Lloyd. Figures of numbers deported from the Channel Islands. Michael Ginns, president of the CIOS interviewed giving reasons for deportations, quotes from local residents about their first impressions of the deportation process, hearing in the Evening Post, being served deportation notices, preparing in a short time, putting businesses in order, packing, transportation to the harbour, people being checked by the doctor, details of 3 seperate deportations and difficulties with them, people being turned back as a result of the ships being full, homes of those being evacuated been broken into, turn out of population to see the islanders off, problems among the crowd against the Germans, experiences on the journey to the internment camps by boat to St Malo and by train to Germany, arriving in Biberach, description and experiences of Biberach Internment Camp, journey to and description of bad state of Wurzach, lack of privacy, difficulties in hygiene, allocation of rooms and mixture of people, Red Cross parcels, lack of clothes and shoes, health in the camp, single men sent to Laufen, Roy Skingle and other internees speak of their experiences, party of Guernsey residents came to Laufen from Dorsten, food situation, roll calls, recreation, entertainments, games, work, education, Pat Abernethy talks of problems in Wurzach, weakness of leadership, inspection by Protecting Powers, escapes, variety shows, concerts, dances, repatriation of the sick to England and the Channel Islands, liberation of Wurzach on April 28th 1945 by the French, liberation of Laufen by the Americans on May 4th 1945, deaths of the Channel Islanders in the internment camps and a list of those taking part in the programme. Advertisement for the deportation exhibition at the Jersey Museum with the Mayor of Bad Wurzach interviewed on the history between Jersey and the town and calling for the twinning of St Helier and Bad Wurzach, Michael Ginns and Joan Coles remembering helpfulness of residents and need for links with the town, interviewees remembering their visits back to Laufen

Reference: L/D/25/L/9

Date: September 13th 1992 - September 13th 1992

Mr E J (Jack) de Ste Croix talks about life at the Jersey Electricity Company during the Occupation to the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Introduction by the President of the CIOS. Tribute paid to F M Burrell for having guided the JEC throughout the occupation. Talks about the contact with German forces, difficulty in supplying electricity-cessation of service for public between Jan 25th-May 8th 1945, his first experience of working for Germans rewiring at Idaho, Five Mile Road, which had been commandeered by the military, the storm on 13th November 1940 causing severe damage to property across the island and necessitating work by the JEC, details of the German authorities in charge of the JEC, refusal of work for reasons laid down in the Hague Convention on the grounds that it would be aiding the Germans in the war effort and different reactions by the German officers. He discusses the farm wiring scheme in the late Summer of 1941, the contact with a Russian Organisation Todt worker, the use of derelict houses for extra supplies. He lists different places that he worked. Talks of manning companies emergency service which required staying after curfew. Run by Sydney Herbert Shortland who was stopped one night and beaten as due to a speech impediment he could not explain the reasons for breaking the curfew. Talks of entertainments run by the JEC keeping morale up during the occupation, sadnesswhen members of the company were killed. Early December 1944 became clear electricity supply coming to an end-occupation authorities decreed that the JEC would run power in Queen's Road for German consumption only-refusal by the JEC who withdrew their labour, leading to negotiations over final outcome-eventually run by Germans. Talks of 8th May when Queen's Road Power Station was handed back to JEC. Comments made by the President of the CIOS who also worked at the JEC about the confiscation of his curfew pass, taking of radio spares from a store, employees of the company making crystal for the radio sets, collecting of sea water. Questions about the rationing of electricity in certain districts, acts of sabotage on German parts, laying of mains, the power stations, Sydney Shortland, electricity meters in German bunkers, the emergency service, transportation of diesel from the Harbour to Queen's Road, electricity to Wests, the Forum and the Opera House, supply and type of cable used, the use of German engineer in a job requiring a n expert, St Peter's Valley Power Station, use of the meters and the finance of the JEC.

Reference: L/D/25/L/10

Date: March 9th 1988 - March 9th 1988

1) Occupation Part 16: Escapes produced by Beth Lloyd made up of interviews of local people who were in Jersey during the Occupation. Subjects discussed include the escape of Denis Vibert to England in September 1941, tales of different escapes to France by islanders recounted by Eddie Le Corre, Basil Le Brun, Peter Crill, John Floyd, Roy Mourant and their subsequent experiences of interrogations by the Home Forces and arrival in England. 2) Half of the interview with Captain Ed Clarke, an American prisoner of war, talking about his escape with George Haas from the prisoner of war camp in Jersey helped to hide by Bill Bertram and sailing to France 3) Notice about the CIOS Review new issue that celebrates the 40th anniversary of liberation and an interview with Michael Ginns about his article on Operation Nestegg and investigations that took place after liberation 4) Occupation Part 9: From Finance to Farming the Island Keeps Going produced by Beth Lloyd made up of interviews of local people who were in Jersey during the Occupation. Subjects discussed include the occupation currency, depletion of stocks in shops, rationing being introduced, black market and bartering used, farmers being ordered what to grow, the harvest and the inspections made by the Germans, farmers hiding extras from the Germans, investigations into a fuel that would allow tractors to run on something other than petrol-charcoal used, crops that were grown, giving food to others 5) Part 17: D-Day and the Last Terrible Year produced by Beth Lloyd made up of interviews of local people who were in Jersey during the Occupation. Subjects discussed includes the realisation in Channel Islands that D-Day was taking place, aeroplanes going over the island, lack of fuel and food supplies, health in island worsening, Red Cross parcels and the arrival and unloading of the SS Vega, starvation of German soldiers and waiting for liberation.

Reference: L/D/25/L/15

Date: 1985 - 1985

Raymond Falla OBE, the last surviving member of the States of Guernsey and a key member of the Controlling Commmittee, talking to the Channel Islands Occupation Society at St Clement's Parish Hall. Introduction by the President of the Channel Islands Occupation Society. Talks about preparations before the occupation, forming the Controlling Committee, being put in charge of charge of Agriculture and Horticulture, problems of glasshouses and inability to export tomato and flower crops to England, States taking over the glass houses, evacuating cattle from Alderney, changes in cropping plans and the lack of seeds in the island, request for a Purchasing Commission in France agreed by Germans, Jean Louis Jouault representing Jersey in France, arriving in Granville and setting up base, going around France purchasing items that were short in the Channel Islands and the difficulties involved, their experience in journeying around the country and the purchases they were involved in, difficulties with transportation and loading of goods, sharing of cargo between Jersey and Guernsey, having to pay everything in cash to pay everything in marks, anti-British propaganda seen in France, conditions in France, slaughtering of cattle in Granville described, thieving, tribute to Jean Louis Jouault and others that worked in Granville, recounts humorous experiences and stories from his time in France, run ins with the Germans, morale boosting buying of cosmetics for the ladies, making of soap for the Islands, working in slaughterhouse, what they did with their recreation time and visits to Jersey. Questions on whether Mr Falla kept a diary during the Occupation, trouble in getting petrol in France, what was put in glasshouses after tomatoes removed, Purchasing Commission after D-Day, the situation in Alderney, finance for purchasing, evacuation from Guernsey, distribution of food when in Guernsey, relationship with German soldiers, stealing of food by Germans, a television series Mr Falla involved in concerning the occupation, security in France and the French underground movement.

Reference: L/D/25/L/17

Date: March 30th 1978 - March 30th 1978

Talk given by Michael Ginns to the Channel Islands Occupation Society (Guernsey) on Life at Wurzach Internment Camp 1942-1945. Introducation by the Channel Islands Occupation Society (Guernsey) President. Talk includes story behind why people deported, notice in the Evening Post, sorting of affairs, transportation to St Helier Harbour, treatment by Germans, ships used, how not everbody could fit on the boat, demonstrations on Mount Bingham, the journey and arrival at St Malo, train journey from St Malo to Biberach, conditions at Biberach, the splitting of single men over 16 going to Laufen and married couples with children and without went to Wurzach, journey to Wurzach and the condition that they found the building in, allocation of rooms, parades, the care of the camp passing from the military to the German police, rationing, red cross parcels every week from Christmas 1942 until February 1945, comparison with conditions in Chanel Islands, entertainments in camp, walks, lack of escapes because of presence of women and cildren, bartering with local civilians, relationships with guards, doctors, the increase of air raids, jobs in the camps, visits from the Protecting Powers, rumours of repatriation, post, births, deaths and health in the camp, the keeping together of families, his repatriation to Britain in April and the journey involved, the continued life of people in the camps and liberation, education for school children and the conditions that he thought were relatively good for a teenager in comparison to other occurrences during the second world war. Questions about number of Guernsey people at Wurzach, conditions at Wurzach, medical people at Wurzach, women guards, education at Wurzach, morale of internees, returning to Wurzach. Explanations of items that he took to the talk and showed to the audience.

Reference: L/D/25/L/18

Date: March 4th 1977 - March 4th 1977

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