[Copy from the National Archive - Not to be reproduced.] Operation 'NEST EGG'. - Occupation of the Channel Islands - Joint Outline Plan dated 7th September 1944. Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), Office of the Chief of Staff. This file contains detailed reports and plans, logistical and military, for the proposed invasion of the Channel Islands by Allied Forces. The report has seven sections: Part I - Introduction Part II - Joint Intelligence Summary: Topography, Civilian Popualtion and Enemy Forces, Part III - The Naval Plan for the invasion (Including the ships allocated to the invasion) Part IV - The Military Plan for the invasion (Including Order of Battle) Part V - The RAF Plan for the invasion Part VI - Civil Affairs Plan Part VII - Joint Signals Plan There are also the 'Terms of Unconditional Surrender for the Channel Islands' - English and German versions. An appendix to Part II on Jersey gives descriptions of St Helier, St Aubin and Gorey, and potential landing places for the British forces, accomodation on the island, and a summary of German forces on the islands. [National Archive - reference AIR 16/1056]

Reference: L/F/437/A2/1

Date: September 7th 1944 - September 7th 1944

[Copies from the National Archive - not to be reproduced] ULTRA Intercepts passed to Winston Churchill on 14th November 1944. Transcripts of German messages intercepted by ULTRA and passed to Winston Churchill, with other correspondence, two of which relate to the Channel Islands. Message T367/89 gives details of total German strengths on the Channel Islands as of 7th November 1944. The total German strength on the islands was 27,687, of which 11,839 were based in Jersey, 12,189 on Guernsey, 3,393 on Alderney and 256 on Sark. These figures are then broken down by Army, Navy and Luftwaffe personell, and there are totals of casualties. There is also the transcript of message CX/MSS.C.380, regarding the German decision to confiscate all civilian food stocks in the Channel Islands. The civilians will be given the mimimum food to sustain existence, and the Red Cross will be allowed to supplement that. Other intercepted messages in this file, unrelated to the Channel Islands, include: T367/67 Measures laid down by Goering to prevent desertions of Luftwaffe personnel T366/46 German Air Transport performance in Greece T366/34 German nervousness in St. Nazaire regarding an impending attack T367/75 Restrictions on Luftwaffe operations on account of fuel shortages T364/54 Details of the organisation of the Volkssturm Naval Headlines 1228 Sinking of the Tirpitz Naval Headlines 1229 Further Naval reports Report 138308 Japanese interest in Stalin's speech about Japan Report 138329 Japanese plans for operations in the Phillipines Communication form Chief of Imperial General Staff to Churchill, regarding operations in the Balkans, with maps [National Archive - reference HW 1/3321]

Reference: L/F/437/A5/1

Date: November 14th 1944 - November 14th 1944

[Copies from the National Archive - not to be reproduced] Minutes of the War Cabinet Chiefs of Staff Committee, meeting on Friday 19th February 1943. Much of this meeting discusses the plans for operation 'HUSKY', the invasion of Sicily in 1943. A possible operation against the Germans in the Channel Isalnds is discussed, with a view to keeping German forces tied down in France rather than diverted to Sicily. Operation 'CONSTELLATION', an attack on Alderney, is proposed by Louis Mountbatten and discussed by the committee. [National Archive - reference CAB 79/59]

Reference: L/F/437/A6/1

Date: February 19th 1943 - February 19th 1943

[Copy from the National Archive - Not to be reproduced.] British government documents related to the investigation of the deportations of British subjects from the Channel Islands in September 1942, and the prosecution of the responsible German officers for War Crimes. This was lodged with the United Nations War Crimes Commission as case UK G/B 19. The file includes a statement of charges against Colonel Knackfuss and unnamed other German officers, and letters from island deportees used in evidence.. The file also includes: Affidavit of Charles Roche, of Jersey Affidavit of Lt. Colonel Frederick Brousson, RA, retd., of Guernsey, [National Archive - reference TS 26/197]

Reference: L/F/437/A9/1

Date: April 21st 1944 - May 31st 1945

[Copy from the National Archive - Not to be reproduced.] British government documents related to the investigation of the reductiuons in food forced on the island population by Colonel Knackfuss and his unnamed superior in May-August 1943, in reprisal for Allied sinkings of German shipping. This was lodged with the United Nations War Crimes Commission, as case UK G/B 254. The file includes a reference to the affidavit made by Alexander Coutanche on the subject of the German reduction in civilian rations (see L/F/437/A4/2). [National Archive - reference TS 26/431]

Reference: L/F/437/A9/2

Date: October 11th 1945 - October 11th 1945

[Copy from the National Archive - Not to be reproduced.] British government documents related to the investigation of the torture of Sergeant Alfred William Howlett of the Guernsey States Island Police Force, and his wife Annie Howlett, by Sgt. Major Osser of the German Armed Forces in March 1942. This was lodged with the United Nations War Crimes Commission as case UK G/B 175 Howlett was accused of stealing German stores and burying them in his garden. After the interrogation (and torture), he confessed, and was sentenced to two years imprisonment which he served in Karlsruhe, Bernau, Lansberg, Stutttgart and Munich. He returned to Guernsey in January 1944 after Colonel Knackfuss had remitted three months of his sentence. He was also sentenced to nine months imprisonment by the Guernsey Sates Civil Court. The file includes a statement of charges against Colonel Knackfuss and unnamed other German officers, and letters from island deportees used in evidence.. The file also includes an affidavit by Sergeant Alfred William Howlett against the accused German soldier. [National Archive - reference TS 26/353]

Reference: L/F/437/A9/3

Date: July 16th 1945 - July 16th 1945

[Copies from the National Archive - not to be reproduced] This file contains copies of various reports and correspondence from the Prime Minister's Office, and minutes of War Cabinet meetings, relating to the Channel Islands, between the start of the Occupation in 1940 and the Liberation in June1945. 1) Some documents on the proposed evacuation of the islanders in June 1940, including the text of a letter from the King to the Bailiffs of Jersey and Gurensey. 2) Proposals and correspondence in 1941-1942 regarding Operations 'Attaboy', 'Barbaric' and 'Blazing', attacks on the German-occupied Channel Islands, including Alderney. Also, correspondence between Churchill, Mountbatten and others regarding 'Operation Huckaback', a raid on Herm in February 1943. 3) Some documents related to 'Operation Nestegg', the sending of a force to the islands after German surrender (see also item L/F/437/A2/1 for more documents on Operation Nestegg). 4) Cabinet discussions and correspondence between Churchill and Home Secretary Herbert Morrison regarding the condition of the islanders in September-December 1944, and the proposed relief, ending in the eventual agreement to send food supplies, including Red Cross parcels, on the Vega. This includes notes from Churchill showing his initial reluctance to send food on the grounds that it would prolong German resistance. 5) A lengthy Postal and Telegraphic Censorship Report dated 15th February 1945, gleaned from the islanders' mail intercepted in November-December 1944. Subjects covered include Fuel, Food, the Black Market, Health, Criticism of Britain, attitudes to the Germans, German repression, Resistance and Collaboration. 6) Arrangements for the surrender of the islands by the Germans in May 1945; Correspondence between Churchill and Herbert Morrison regarding leaflets and a broadcast to the Islands, February-March 1945, and the disappointment of islanders at not having been broadcast to by the BBC. Also, a proposed warning to the German commander of the islands dated 21st March 1945, regarding his neglect of the civilians. 7) War Cabinet meetings on the subject of supplies for the islands, and evacuation of sick civilians, February 1945. 8) Correpondence between the Home Secretary Herbert Morrison and the Prime Minister regarding a post-Liberation visit to the islands, May 1945. Also included is 'The Home Secretary's report to the Cabinet on his visit to the Channel Islands, 14-15 May 1945'. This covers the islanders' relations with the Germans; the condition of the islanders; Health, Fuel and Agriculture; British Military Government. [National Archive - reference PREM 3/87]

Reference: L/F/437/A8/1

Date: June 1st 1940 - June 1st 1945

[Copies from the National Archive - not to be reproduced] Various documents from the National Archive file KV 4/87, produced by the British Security Service MI 5. The file contains correspondence and reports related to the investigations by Section I(b) of the Security Service, attached to the liberating Force 135, on the subject of the conduct of the islanders, island authorities and Germans during the German Occupation. Colonel J R Stopford headed the MI 5 investigation which took place immediately after the Liberation. Captain Dening, his subordinate, conducted the investgations. The file also includes the following reports produced by MI 5 or other British government agencies: 27th December 1943 'Raid on Jersey: Report on Intelligence gained’ 21st January 1944 ‘Raid on Sark: Report on Intelligence gained’ September 1944 ‘Channel Islands: Report on German Morale and factors likely to hasten or postpone capitulation’ 4th December 1944 'Postal and Telegraphic Censorship: Report on the Channel Islands No. 3 (Jersey)’ 17t August 1945 Report by Captain Dening of MI 5, ‘The Channel Islands Under German Occupation’. This report is very critical of the Bailiffs of Guernsey and Jersey, and of the Dame of Sark. It also states that about 180 cases of collaboration had been identified, broadly falling into the areas of: Profiteers; Informers; Women consorting with Germans; people of high social standing who were over-friendly with the Germans. However, only 11 cases were thought to be worth prosecuting. 8th August 1945 Report by Colonel Stopford, ‘The I(b) Reports on the Channel Islands’. This report covers civilian morale, relations with the Germans, German propaganda, collaboration, resistance, local administration, Organisation Todt and Russian slave workers, concentration camps, and the German police. 30th June 1945 Report by J.R Stopford, ‘The Administration of the Channel Islands under the German Occupation’. This report lists criticisms, and occasionally praise, of some members of the island administration, including Alexander Coutanche, Duret Aubin, and Dr. Noel McKinstry. There are similar reports on the islands of Guernsey and Sark. Two undated reports (1945) by MI 5 on Alderney, including details of the Organisation Todt, the camps Helgoland, Nordeney, Borkum and Syllt. Also details of the British civilians on the island, and of some of the Russian, Polish, French, Spanish and North African workers. There are also details of allegations against named collaborators: Reverend F.G. Waterbury, Rector of Castel, Guernsey, a Nazi sympathiser; Margaret Young Mallet, Emilia Pallot and Theresia Mathurin, of Guernsey, who volunteered to work in Germany; John Frederick Dyball, of Greve D’Azette, Jersey, who informed on islanders with wireless sets leading to jail sentences, and whose sister was a mistress of Wolfle of the German Secret Field Police (GFP); J. E. Cort of Guernsey, a Nazi sympathiser; Norah M Pickthall, of Sark, a Nazi sympathiser; John Hughes, of Summerland, Jersey, suspected of informing on Clarence Claude Painter and Peter Edward Painter,who were deported and died in camps; Mr Cheeseborough, of Guernsey, who worked for the OT; Maud and Lily Vibert, who are believed to have informed to the German Secret Field police on Louisa Gould, Harold Le Druillenec and Ivy Forster – in this report Lohse of the German Secret Field Police identified a note written by one of the sisters as being in the same handwriting as the note which was sent to the GFP informing on Louisa Gould. [National Archive - reference KV 4/78]

Reference: L/F/437/A7/1

Date: December 8th 1943 - October 1st 1945

[Copies from the National Archive - not to be reproduced] Copies of Documents and letters sent to the Director of Public Prosecutions regarding Pearl Joyce Vardon. Pearl Joyce Vardon was a Jersey woman who had collaborated with the Germans during the Occupation, and who had worked for the Germans as an English-language announcer on the German-controlled European Broadcasting Station in Luxembourg. Vardon was a school teacher in Jersey, until she worked for a German company called Elsche, attached to the Organisation Todt in August 1941. She left for France in early 1944 with her German lover, Hauptmann Siegfried Schwatlo, and found a job with Radio Luxembourg, as a colleague of William Joyce. Some of the programmes on which she broadcast were 'For the Forces and their Kin', and 'Matters of Moment', which aired pro-Nazi propaganda. Copies of Documents from the National Archive include: MI5 Report on Pearl Joyce Vardon Statement of Pearl Joyce Vardon Extracts of Statements by German colleagues of Vardon at Radio Luxembourg Photograph of the Deutschen Europasender programme schedule Copy of 'Ladies First' broadcast transcripts [National Archive - reference HO 45/25811]

Reference: L/F/437/A4/1

Date: April 18th 1945 - September 27th 1945

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